The Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards Of Practice

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When CHNs are working to develop solutions to health issues, they must reflect from a strength-based perspective known as the socio-environmental model (Cohen, 2012) and follow the Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice (CHNC, 2011). Both the standards as well as the model encourage nurses to utilize an upstream approach when caring for a community and its members, in addition to promoting, advocating, supporting, and addressing individual and community needs (CHNC 2011; Health Canada, 2013a; Roberts, 2012).
When addressing the first standard of practice, nurses work towards promoting health (CHNC, 2011). As CHNs attempt to work with the available assets to improve the health and wellness of Aboriginals with diabetes mellitus (Taylor, Usher, & McDermott, 2013), they utilize a wide variety of treatment and prevention options that relate to numerous health-promoting aspects based on primary healthcare (Smith, Van Herk, & Rahaman, 2012). For this demographic, moving primary healthcare forward is crucial and could involve the implementation of culturally appropriate initiatives that allow CHNs to invoke various methods to promote the physical health of impoverished communities (Health Canada, 2013b). These health promoting methods may utilize the ADI for funding in order to provide nutritious food, fitness equipment such as ski poles for walking and burning more calories (Gormley, 2012), and various diabetes-based screening and testing tools (Health Canada,
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