CHAPTER 2 Introduction This study will concentrate on views which were raised by different researchers pertaining Zulu literature, these are the problems which were confronted by Ndebele students and educators when studying Zulu writing. The researcher will go ahead and compare Zulu and Ndebele. Views pertaining Ndebele and Zulu literature The Zulu language and culture was imagined as an identity for the Ndebele despite the fact that the Ndebele privileged may never have seen of themselves accordingly. This Zuluness was sought for as a political culture regardless of the way that the Khumalo family from who they descendedwas not itself Zulu. The language, however,was advanced in its original form yet step by step started to secure its identity …show more content…
These are the difficulties which Ndebele learners encountered when studying Zulu writing. Ndebele and Zulu individuals do not have a same culture, along these lines therefore the two dialects are naturally unique as Nhongo (2013) puts it, and language conveys logic of individuals. In this way one cannot be fully equipped with knowledge of a particular language without considering its culture. As per Rhalmi (2014), student's way of life (culture) can be a hindrance to second or foreign language learning. He continues by saying, social contrasts may cause perplexity and social false impressions, students may have challenges when speaking with target local speakers on account of social distinction. At the end of the day, since culture contrast from place to place, along these lines, Ndebele and Zulu societies are two distinct societies in this way, as a result these two dialects might be diverse to each other prompting troubles which might be confronted by Ndebele students when studying Zulu literature. The above view might be important because, when one is discussing a specific language he or she cannot flee or isolates it from the way of life of those specific language
“African societies developed diverse forms, from large centralized states to stateless societies organized around kinship or age sets rather than central authority. Within this diversity were many shared aspects of language and beliefs. Universalistic faiths penetrated the continent and served as the basis for important cultural development in Nubia and Ethiopia.
The Apartheid was initiated as a ploy for Europeans to better control the exploited populations for economic gain, as maintaining tension between the different racial classifications diverted attention from the Europeans as it fed hatred between groups. This assisted in minimizing unity between the exploited to rally against European control as it backhandedly induced “submission” for survival. One way of accomplishing this was by instilling laws that’d force segregation, classification, educational “requirements”, and economic purposes. The Population Registration Act of 1950 enacted, requiring segregation of Europeans from Afrikaans . Following shortly, the Group Areas Act of 1950 was enacted as a new form of legislation alongside the Population Registration Act. This detailed act separated tribes based on ethnics; consequently, further detailing segregation amongst the natives .
| Relevant Biographical Information About the Author: * White * Born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in 1903 * Father was Scottish and mother was South African of English heritage * Worked at a reformatory with black youths
We commence by examining South-African apartheid and its historical and theoretical context. Apartheid was a system of racial segregation used in the overtly racist regime in South Africa from 1948 to 1991. It was based on laws that banned “marriage and sexual relations between different “population groups” and requir[ed] separate residential areas for people of mixed race (“Coloreds”), as well as for Africans” (Fredrickson 3). These laws were based on the same obsession with “race purity” that characterized other racist regimes, most notably Jim Crow America and Nazi Germany. The system was justified in terms of “cultural essentialism” and “seperate development”. Cultural essentialism means that each culture has inherent features that differentiate the members of this cultural group from others. The concept of separate development
Around the time of Katie Makanya’s childhood, South Africa was beginning to change rapidly due to the discovery of diamonds, which ultimately kept bringing Europeans into their territory causing their cultures and race to blend together. This book illustrates the black South African life that Katie lives and how she uneasily adapts to the incoming European culture during those years of colonization.
between two cultures and languages can be hard to fit in and belong. “If I couldn’t express myself
In Gloria Anzaldúa article “How to Tame a Wild Tongue,” she shows us how different worlds so close can be so different. Anzaldúa shows that people have restricted freedom in society by the social norms set in them. Anzaldúa pressed her awareness and distraught on how people treat her depending on the type of language she uses. She also explains some of her emotions towards the way people are like with speaking and listening to accents. The article is how Anzaldúa explains how culture and accent shapes a person’s identity by being controlled and oppressed to fit into the social norms, which is how she creates cracks using language and code switching.
Since the beginning of time man has discovered communication through language to be a vital way to exist in a civilized world. Over the centuries, man has overcome many barriers to find ways to effectively communicate amongst each other through language. Cultural differences, religious beliefs, languages dialects, and societal influences have all contributed to the “common” language used today. “Each has paid, and is paying a different price for this “common” language, in which, as it turns out, they are not saying, and cannot be saying, the same thing.” (Baldwin) In the following essays; “If Black English Isn’t A Language, Then Tell Me What Is?” and “Learning To Read and Write” mirrors the cultural feelings of education and learning dilemmas,
After going to a different culture learning their way of living, belief, customs, language, laws, art, social life, values, family bonding’s, feelings, religion, and importantly behavior. All this elements of life make culture or a society with one belief. “The fact that has been one of the most profound contributions to English language” (Savan 435). She tries to explain that the black culture is dominant on white culture giving example of language. When international student come here the face a change in language as they going to a culture which will be dominant on them and they speak different
There are roughly 50,000 !Kung in southern Africa today, but some studies show that only a quarter of the !Kung continue their traditional nomadic lifestyles and traditions (Jenkins 2006). With the expansion of globalization and capitalism, Jenkins (2006) testifies that it has caused a cultural shift among the !Kung which has divided the !Kung into scattered groups. These groups, according to Jenkins, consist of a few hundred to a few thousand that extend across southern Africa. With this broad movement of the !Kung, these different groups developed different languages which other !Kung groups cannot understand. Jenkins (2006) describes this issue as an effect of the expansion of capitalism and global flow of western cultures coming into
The African Queen is an exciting film set during World War I. The movie, directed by John Huston, was released in 1951. Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn portrayed the two leading roles of Mr. Allnut and Rose. The movie revolves around two acquaintances that are forced to travel on a boat to escape German arms. Rose turns the trip into a revenge plot against the Germans for destroying her family and villages. Although Mr. Allnut is not too keen on the idea, he proceeds with the plan in hopes that she will change her mind. The two grow bitter towards one another, but when the going gets tough, they are forced to rely on each other for support. This film uses the hardships and effects of the war to form their relationship on trust and love.
These strong, and independent African women authors use insightful and educational language, which invites the western world to be a part of their world through the power of literature. One of the
Elisabeth says then there will never be any solution to the problem of novel in Africa if the Africans wanted a ‘living voice’. The main problem faced by them was because the African writers unlike the French and the English were not acting as writers but were actually behaving like interpreters of their exotic cultures and that the root of their problem was ‘ Having to perform your Africanness at the same time as you write.’
I have always thought that Nelson Mandela has been one of the most important people in history. I find it very fascinating that one man could end the Apartheid and that is why I want to find out more about this. South Africa is a country with a past of enforced racism and separation of its multi-racial community. The White Europeans invaded South Africa and started a political system known as 'Apartheid' (meaning 'apartness'). This system severely restricted the rights and lifestyle of the non-White inhabitants of the country forcing them to live separately from the White Europeans. I have chosen to investigate how the Apartheid affected people’s lives, and also how and why the Apartheid system rose and fell in South Africa.
“Unlike a drop of water which loses its identity when it joins the ocean, man does not lose his being in the society in which he lives. Man's life is independent. He is born not for the development of the society alone, but for the development of his self”. B.R. Ambedkar, in Develop with Fact: Neutralizing the Catalysts of Downturn, p. 57. There are many different languages spoken around the world. Sometimes it can create a barrier when trying to communicate. Other times it may cause you to be judged because you have a different accent, or you use different terminology. Language can play a small role in how people’s identities are formed., The language variety that you speak as a native language is closely tied to your geographical identity.