The Concepts Of Sustainable Livelihood Approach

976 WordsOct 27, 20154 Pages
6.1 Concepts of Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) Empirical research on sustainable livelihoods (Carney et al., 1999; F. Ellis, 1998; I Scoones et al., 1996 ; Singh & Kalala, 1995) places emphasis on alleviating poverty through the development and application of a sustainable livelihood framework (Chambers & Conway, 1992; Ellis, 1993; Krantz, 2001; I Scoones, 1998). These studies identified and characterised the under-developed or vulnerable households as crucial groups for the design and implementation of actions to improve their situation and reduce poverty. SLA has been applied in various settings of research and development (Carney, 1998; Carney et al., 1999; DFID, 1999; Ellis, 2000b). The concept of livelihoods has undergone considerable change over the last few decades and this has implications for the way in which we define, analyse and understand sustainable livelihood concepts. Sustainable Livelihood Approach There are varied definitions of sustainable livelihoods. Definition of livelihood from Oxford dictionary is “a means of securing the necessities of life”. But the commonly quoted definition is by Chambers and Conway (1992), “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.” Ireland (2004)
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