The Conflict Between The Rwandan And Tutsi Ethnic Conflict

1193 WordsJan 12, 20155 Pages
In Rwanda, the Hutu has come into much conflict since the 1990s. As the Germans and the Belgians colonized Rwanda, the favoritism of the colonizers created great ethnic divides within the country. These partitions ultimately became so profound that a violent genocide took place, turning countrymen against each other. The Congo was a nearby place for the violence between the Hutu and Tutsi to continue, while also becoming an important economic factor to the wealth of other nations. The colonization, genocide, and conflicts in the Congo all contributed to the major issue of racial segregation faced by the modern Hutus. The early colonization of Rwanda by the Germans and Belgians created the major internal conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi. At the time of the Europeans arrival, Rwanda was made up of 85% Hutu, who were farmers, 14% Tutsi, who were cattle herders, and 1% Twa, the aboriginal people (Chrétien 69). In 1890, Rwanda first became a colony of Germany, lasting until the end of World War I, when power was transferred to Belgium. Both of these colonies favored the Tutsi population (Staff ¶2), because they believed that the Tutsi were more Caucasian and therefore superior in intelligence to the Hutu (Jones 17). During this time, the Belgians oversaw a land reform process by the Tutsi, which seized control of farmland that had been under the control of the Hutu, without providing them with substantial compensation (Prunier 28). This favoritism planted the seed for the

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