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The Creation Story Of Enuma Elish And Genesis

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The creation account of Enuma Elish and Genesis share many similarities and differences that are very important. The Enuma Elish is a Babylonian creation myth that is named after its opening words, “When on high” (34). The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity. Both stories share some concepts that are immediately apparent. Enuma Elish begins with “when on high”; Genesis begins with “in the beginning”. Enuma Elish shows a connection between giving of names and existence; in Genesis, the naming of objects is of importance. In both stories, matter exists when creation begins. Similar to Enuma Elish, Genesis describes God ordering chaos, not creating something out of nothing, “When God began to create heaven and earth, and the earth then was welter and waste and darkness over the deep” (158). There is a connection between the recorded number on the tablets in Enuma Elish and the numbered days in Genesis. Enuma Elish is recorded on seven tablets, and the Genesis creation is completed in seven days. In the Enuma Elish, man is created in the 6th tablet, “I shall create humankind” (36), and in Genesis man is created on the 6th day, “And it happened as humankind began to multiply over the earth” (163). Genesis is monotheistic, while Enuma Elish is polytheistic. Enuma is clearly mythological, but Genesis is not only non-mythological, but anti-mythical. It is a polemic against pagan mythology. Genesis makes clear that the things mankind
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