The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme

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A qualitative study, by authors Bogossian, Winters-Chang & Tucket (2014), was examined using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) tool (CASP, 2013). Through the use of the CASP tool, the article was examined by this author to determine if the results of the study were valid, what the results were, and what application or purpose they support. The qualitative study demonstrates attrition from nursing, contributing factors, and possible solutions to maintain nurses in the profession.
Aims
The goal of the qualitative research article was the work that nurses do in the profession, and why attrition rates are high in the nursing profession. The authors assert that there is a shortage of nurses in the profession, and possessing a high rate of attrition will only contribute to the shortage of nurses (Bogossian, Winters-Chang & Tucket, 2014). The purpose of the study was to seek nurse’s perceptions of their work, and how that work contributed to attrition from the profession.
Design, Method and Sampling This qualitative study provided information on the motives of nurses leaving the profession. The design was through electronic responses providing rationale for leaving the nursing profession. After the responses were tallied, qualitative analysis of the content was performed. The method for the study was a non-purposive sample of nurses, in a cohort study representing a broader range of nurses that were comparable demographically to a larger population of nurses.
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