The Decline of the Roman Republic

962 Words Feb 5th, 2018 4 Pages
for a number of reasons. Stewart Perowne notes that the inherent problem with any republic is whether a government of the people can sustain territorial integrity against its own domestic foes. A robust government may be too strong for the liberties of its own people, whereas a weak government may be unable to maintain its own existence. A group of discontented individuals, too few in numbers according to domestic law, can break up their government and for all intents and purposes put an end to free government. Many historians mark the end of the Roman Republic by four events; the rise of popular tribunes, the rise of private armies, the first triumvirate, and Caesar's dictatorship.
Between 133 and 121 B.C.E. two brothers, Tiberius and Sempronious Gracchus used the power of the plebian tribuneship to seize power in Rome. They used their sacrosanctious (the right of a tribune not to be harmed physically) to veto all other public activity in the city in order to force the senate and the magistrates to focus on their own political plans. Tiberius Gracchus wanted to restore the military by reclaiming public lands and giving them to the landless poor citizens to farm. Additionally the land attempt was made to grant Italian Roman allies Roman citizenship. The two men, along with their political ambitions, were killed through mob violence incited by the aristocracy.
Rome's army…

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