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The Digestive Process Of Medicine

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The most common way to take medicine is orally. Once the medicine is ingested through the mouth, it goes through the digestive process to eventually be distributed into the organs and tissues. The medication can travel through the body more than once if the medication was not fully dissolved in the first travel through. Within the stomach, acidic juices help to break down nutrients from food or other substances and eliminate bacteria that were on or in the ingested substance. (Howell, 2016) The digestive process happens when food or anything ingested passes through the gastrointestinal tract. The typical route of the consumed food is the mouth, to the esophagus, to the stomach, next to the small intestine then lastly to the large…show more content…
And if the pill has a very strong outer coating, it may dissolve in the small intestines. The gastric juices help to dissolve the medicine because of its high acidic levels. (Howell, 2016) Stomach acid, also known as gastric juices, is mostly made of hydrochloric acid and also consists of water, electrolytes, enzymes, mucus, and intrinsic factor. Gastric acid in the body helps to protect the gastrointestinal tract from harmful bacteria that has been consumed. Since stomach acid is very acidic, it is able to do all of its needs such as, break down nutrients and kill harmful bacteria. (Lehman, 2016) (McDade & Cloos, 2009) The concentration of hydrochloric acid in the stomach acid varies between 5,000 and 10,000 parts per million. Levels of pH vary between1 and 12. If a substance has a pH of 12 it is the very basic, while a substance with a pH of 1 is very acidic. Stomach acid has a pH that varies between 1 and 3, making it very acidic. In comparison to water, normal gastric juices’ levels are 100,000-1,000,000 times more acidic. (McDade & Cloos, 2009) (National Center for Family Learnings, 2014) Foods and liquids have different effects on medication in the body. For example, Norman Tomaka research shows that hot liquids can affect the outer coating, releasing the medicine quicker. Dairy products are shown to limit the absorption from the stomach to the blood. The pH of some liquids may also affect the distribution of some
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