The Early Childhood Education Of Literacy And Numeracy

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Introduction Literacy and numeracy are the most vital skills for any individual in modern society. The early childhood education of literacy and numeracy is of great importance to not only intellectual growth but also to emotional and social development in later years. Literacy is one of the fundamental ability for one to be able to make sense of text, signs, books, and modern technologies. Numeracy includes aspects such as number sense, computation, measurement, and geometry, which are all vital to one 's daily and professional life. The first few years of one 's life is the key period to establish literacy and numeracy as one 's brain development is at its peak in this period, and the better the foundation of literacy and numeracy is, the more likely one is going to successful in academic and social performance in later years. Also as a social experience, literacy and numeracy education is greatly influenced by one 's social environment, or in early childhood settings, one 's family environment. Bronfenbrenner 's (1979) ecological systems theory is the foundation of ecological and sociocultural guideline of literacy and numeracy education in early childhood settings. The theory are essentially a set of interconnected and yet isomorphic layers of systems that affect the development of the children from a social aspect, e.g. the microsystem describes the interaction between the carer and the child, mesosystem describes the interactions between the family and the teacher,

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