The Effect Of Glucose On The Body

1335 Words Feb 12th, 2016 6 Pages
In order for the body to function properly, it requires energy which mainly comes from carbohydrates and fats we would take in as food. Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose which is soluble in blood. It is transported by the blood cells all around the body where it reacts with oxygen and will produce carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and energy.
C6H12O6 +6O2 ------------6CO2 +6H2O +Energy
Glucose + Oxygen  Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy
Carbon dioxide and water are formed during respiration(the burning of food in the cells) and are transferred through the different organs of the body. The energy released in respiration fulfils the energy needs of the body.
The process that takes place in presence of oxygen is called aerobic respiration. During this, molecules are broken down in order to get hold of bio-chemical energy and has oxygen. Molecules used by cells in aerobic respiration are glucose, amino acids and fatty acids.

Glucose + Oxygen → Energy + Carbon Dioxide + Water

Arobic respiration is an energy making process. Up to 38 molecules of ATP are produced for every utilised molecule of glucose during the process of aerobic respiration. The process of aerobic respiration breaks down a single glucose molecule to yield 38 units of the energy storing ATP molecules.
The term anaerobic means without air, meaning it takes place without oxygen. Anaerobic respiration is the process of oxidation of molecules in the absence of oxygen. This produces energy…
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