The Effect Of Glucose On The Glucose Of Glucose

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Living organisms need to make energy from food in order to allow rapid cell reproduction and maintain life. Glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids are utilized to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a coenzyme used for an energy carrier. The primary source of carbon and energy for humans and most eukaryotes is glucose [1]. But, since it is polar in nature, glucose cannot diffuse through the plasma membrane’s lipid bilayer. This causes the need for glucose to be transported by a glucose transporter, on the plasma membrane, into the cell. After the uptake of glucose, glycolysis is used to convert the glucose into pyruvate. Glycolysis is a pathway that includes ten enzyme-catalyzed reactions. When glucose enters the cell, it is phosphorylated by an enzyme, hexokinase, and uses ATP to keep the glucose concentration low in order to continually transport glucose into the cell by the glucose transporters. This produces glucose 6-phosphate, which has a negative charge, preventing glucose from diffusing out of the cell [2]. Glucose 6-phosphate is then rearranged by phosphoglucose isomerase to form fructose 6-phosphate. Fructose 6-phosphate is catalyzed by phosphofructo-kinase-1 coupled with ATP, forming fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. Since the molecule is now destabilized, the fructose 1,6-bisphosphate is split by aldolase to form glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate [2]. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is then converted into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by
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