Alcohol is defined by Wester Dictionary as a drink (as whiskey or beer) containing ethanol. Alcoholism is defined by the medical dictionary as “a chronic progressive potentially fatal psychological and nutritional disorder associated with excessive and usually compulsive drinking of ethanol and characterized by frequent intoxication leading to dependence on or addiction to the substance, impairment of the ability to work and socialize, destructive behaviors (as drunken driving), tissue damage (as cirrhosis of the liver), and severe withdrawal symptoms upon detoxification.” Drinking alcohol has been around since man was able to crush grapes. As the United States (U.S.) we can pride ourselves on freedom, democracy, and beer but this …show more content…
A brief history about both the countries and drinking habits:
“Several Native American civilizations developed alcoholic beverages in pre-Columbian times. A variety of fermented beverages from the Andes region of South America were created from corn, grapes or apples, called “chichi,” written in an article by Drug Free World organization (A Drug Free World, P.1). From the beginning of America there has always been alcohol/alcoholism. Drinking also has shaped the land in the 1700s and 1800s. Most areas of social life was at the gin mill or tavern. Experts say that the Revolution from England beginnings started in a tavern. Then “The nineteenth century brought a change in attitudes and the temperance movement began promoting the moderate use of alcohol—which ultimately became a push for total prohibition,” said Drug Free World (A Drug Free World, P.1). Today alcohol is widely accepted as well as demonized at the same time for those who drink it before the legal age.
The U.K. has a vast history of drinking from Medieval times to the present. Most notably were these events… “By the end of the middle ages, most European nations had developed their own distinctive brewing and distilling styles. Throughout this period up until the 17th century, alcohol was still widely praised, especially by the Church, which was at that time the arbiter of morality.” said A Drug Free World (A Drug Free World, P1). Giving rise to
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The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition is a very interesting book written by W.J. Rorabaugh which anlyze the high prevalence of alcohol consumption in United States during the early 19th century. When he explains how he started writing the book, he said that when he was looking for a long essay in a particular subject he came across a lot of temperance pamphlets from the 1820’s and 30’s. That is the starting point of writing the book for him. He has stated in the preface Ix that Americans drank more alcoholic beverages percapita than ever before or since between 1790 and 1830. He has mentioned
From the first years in American history, we have drank. Records of the first Europeans on America’s mainland tell about the colonists’ "great thirste" after their original supplies of European-made alcohol ran out. The settlers made their own wine. Eve Alcohol was imported from all over the world. Innovative colonists made alcohol from almost anything. One song from the 1700’s went like this:
Till 1827, the idea of sobriety was practically non-existent in North-America . Taverns were open at all times of day and were a place of encounter for everyone – regardless of class, race and gender. Moreover, they facilitated ‘political negotiations, economic exchanges and interracial sociability . So, where did the idea of reducing alcohol consumption come from amid the booming socio-economic stability that taverns seemed to provide?
The history of alcohol and drug abuse can be dated back for hundreds of years around the world; in addition, the side effects from abuse can last just as long. The extent of alcohol and drug abuse may change dramatically due to societal views and normality such as the Prohibition era and the legalization of medicinal marijuana. Understanding alcohol and drug abuse means that one must not examine the behavior of the drinker, but also the place, time, and context of the consumption of drugs and alcohol. Dating back to the Mayflower, the New World welcomed the brewing of beer and ale as a tradition of the early culture. The consumption of alcohol was excessive- it was consumed from the crack of dawn to the crack of dawn, at work, alone, together,
Alcohol was introduced to Native Americans in the early 1700’s by European colonists. Most Native Americans could not even obtain alcohol, unless given through trade. That was until in Southwest America a beverage known as Tesvino, made from fermented corn was created and used during special rituals. Other groups such as the Pimos and Papago’s joined and created alcohol from a cactus called Saguro and used it for rituals to create rain. Alcohol was originally initiated
Even though some might think that in some countries outside the US where the drinking age is 18 or lower, things are going fine. In fact Carla Main the author of Bulldozed (Encounter Books, 2007) mention in her article about “Underage Drinking and the Drinking Age” that countries outside USA alcohol drinkers are“25 percent heavy drinkers” while inside the USA alcohol drinkers are only “ 15 percent heavy drinkers” that shows us that binge drinking in countries outside united state are much more than US (Main
The indigenous North Americans were introduced to alcohol in the 1600s by the British through trade. The British had a goal, they wanted to get a good trade interaction with the Native Americans, for Furs and Skins
Throughout the course of American history, the people surrounding it have always had a special tongue for alcohol. Mostly in America the rich drank out in public at places called taverns where alcohol could be consumed. The less fortunate people in America consumed alcohol in private mostly inside of their homes. A huge change occurred in the United States of America when a prohibition was introduced in 1920. As a society America drifted away from drinking out at public places while being super drunk.
A. Increase Mather and Puritan Clergyman once said ‘’Drink is in itself is a good creature of God, and to be received with thankfulness, but the abuse of drink is from Satan, the wine is from God, but the drunkard is from the devil. Woe to drunkards’’ (1673). Fermented beverages such as fruits, honey, grains, and juice were used during the time of Egyptian civilization (pubs.niaa.nih.gov). These beverages (fermented) were used in making different kinds of alcohol. For this reason, the Native American civilizations also developed the concept in pre-Columbian times (drugfreeworld.org). However, alcohol greatly known to be liquor was mostly used for medical purposes. It focus (medical use) gradually shifted from the medical purpose to pleasure in
Alcoholism is defined as a disorder characterized by the excessive consumption of and dependence on alcoholic beverages, leading to physical and psychological harm, impaired social, and vocational functioning (dictionary.com). Alcohol is the number one drug problem in the
As stated in the Health and Social Care Information Centre, who released “Statistics on Alcohol, England 2015”, found that there was a dramatically increase in the United Kingdom affordability of alcohol over the past 30 years from 1980 to 2014 even though there was an increasing in retail price index since 1980 (Niblett, 2015). For example, from 1980 to 2014 the fee of alcohol in the United Kingdom has raised by 23.2 per cent more than overall retail fee and the real domestic disposable salary per an individual increased by 89.4 per cent over the past 30 years (Niblett, 2015). In addition, the minimum price for an individual to buy was 50 pence for a 440ml can of 5% beer along with not less than £10.16 for a standard size 40% vodka and not
As we all know, alcohol is a product that has provided a variety of functions for people in the world. Alcoholic beverages have been consumed by humans in the very early time, they were one of the most popular drink and have been widely used in everywhere of the world. Also they were used medicinally, chemically, physically and so on.
Refer to the history of alcohol, it did experience the affirmation and the denial through a long period. In the sixteenth century, alcohol, called “spirits”, was used largely for medicinal purposes. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the British parliament passed a law, which encouraging the use of grain for distilling spirits. Cheap spirits flooded the market and reached a peak in the mid-eighteenth century. In nineteenth century, a change in attitudes and the temperance movement began promoting the moderate use of alcohol, which ultimately became a push for total prohibition. In 1920, the U.S. passed a law to prohibit the manufacture, sale, import and export of intoxicating
“By 1830, the average American over 15 years old consumed nearly seven gallons of pure alcohol a year- three times as much as we drink today…”, at the time women are the victims of men’s abuse of alcohol, especially the few legal rights they own that could protect them. The nation started the anti- alcohol movement in the 1830s and 1840s, the fighting of abolition of slavery made people aware the problem alcohol. After the Civil war there were large number of immigrants of Ireland, Germany, Italy etc. They came to America, also brought in the customs from their homeland and boost up America’s brewing business. During the 1870s, housewives and the mother’s lives who had been impoverished by the redundant amount of