The Effects Of Biogeochemical Carbon Sequestration And Carbon Capture / Storage On The Atmosphere, Lithosphere, And Hydrosphere

3303 Words Jan 6th, 2015 14 Pages
The Positive and Negative Effects of Biogeochemical Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Capture/Storage on the Atmosphere, Lithosphere, and Hydrosphere

John Ocker, Mr. Andrews, Block 3AC, 2014
Earth Science Project
Paul V. Moore High School

Abstract

As the level of carbon emissions in the atmosphere continues to skyrocket, carbon dioxide forms a “wall” around the atmosphere, from which solar energy is unable to escape. Carbon storage/capture and carbon sequestration can theoretically prevent solar rays from becoming trapped, ensuring Earth stays at a stable temperature. Carbon storage in the oceans is a possible route to take, but with serious repercussions. It will cause the pH level in the ocean to decrease, and a large amount of marine life will be affected negatively. Oceanic carbon storage will solve our problem with atmospheric emissions, but create an entirely new one. An ideal solution is to find a way to store carbon emissions without damaging life on Earth.

Introduction

When greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane (gases that absorb the intense solar waves of the Sun) are released into the atmosphere, they trap solar radiation. The greenhouse gases are letting heat in, but not letting any out, substantially increasing the temperature of the geosphere (the Earth) and the hydrosphere (the oceans). Biogeologists have come up with a technique of reversing this poisoning of the Earth and its atmosphere. Geoengineers are applying this technique,…
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