The Ethical Principles Of A Nurse

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One of the most important responsibilities of a Nurse is to understand the ethical principles to promote patient safety, quality of care and avoid errors. In the profession of nursing, we as nurses must maintain the integrity, and respect the rights of human subjects. One of the protecting human subject rights includes the right to self determination. According to Burns and Grove (2011) “The right to self- determination is based on the ethical principle of respect for persons, and it indicates that human are capable of controlling their own destiny.” In addition, according to Burns and Grove(2011), researchers treat subjects as autonomous agents in a study if the researcher has (1) informed them about the study, (2) allowed them to chose whether to participate, and (3) allowed them to withdraw from the study at any time without penalty”.(Page 110). However, there had been several historical studies that conducted unethical practices and violated human right to self- determination. Historical Summary of Unethical Practices One of the unethical studies that I read during my philosophy course was the story of Henrietta Lacks written by Rebecca Skloot (2010) in the book called Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Mrs. Lacks was a young black woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer during the year 1951 at Johns Hopkins hospital. During treatment, doctors removed Mrs. Lack’s tumor cells without informing her and made available to George Gey who was one of the cancer
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