The European Union And The Treaty Of Western And Eastern European Countries Since The End Of The Cold War

1315 Words May 6th, 2015 6 Pages
On January 1st 2007 while the world was celebrating New Year’s Day, twenty five state members of the European Union (EU) welcomed almost 30 million people from Romania and Bulgaria to the union. Massive celebrations were held in Romania and Bulgaria to mark this accession. This historic event also marked the fifth enlargement of the EU and the peaceful reunification of Western and Eastern European countries since the end of the Cold War. The path to membership was long and sometimes challenging but in the end these two countries arrived to the road of Europe and the future. Romania has been searching integration since the times of Nicolae Ceausescu (and even before). Historical evidence demonstrated that Romania did not want to remain only part of the Warsaw Pact or the Soviet Block. It has always been in pursuit of a greater role in the world and in Europe, but in order to become part of the EU several reforms were needed. The cost of gaining access to the EU was high but in the end Romania and the EU would benefit of this mutual relation, especially in areas of defense, security, economy, energy and technology. The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of the EU accession on the economy and society in Romania. Chronological and comparative analysis of pre EU membership and post membership are used to assess if the accession has been positive or negative.
1. Soviet Era, Nicolae Ceausescu and the Romanian Revolution of 1989:
1.1 Soviet Era
After World War II, most…

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