The First World War And The Reconstruction Of Britain

2496 WordsApr 29, 201510 Pages
This essay will explain why Brutalism became one of the 20th Century’s most controversial architectural movements and help explain what influenced the development of the style. Firstly by explaining and describing the characteristics of brutalist structures and discussing the most monumental brutalist buildings during the 1950s and 1960s. By exploring historical and contextual factors, this essay will discuss what technological advancements occurred and contributed towards the birth of Brutalism. Within this essay there will be discussion about the way the Second World War and the reconstruction of Britain changed the direction of British architecture and which architects were most influential in this redevelopment process. Furthermore, it will explore the Modernist movement by evaluating key historical information which contributed to the progression of a new, mid-century style. Brutalism, a disputed architectural movement which developed during the 1950s and 1960s when there was a significant change in direction for British architecture. Brutalism descended from the Modernist architectural movement of the early 20th Century and was a mid-century reaction by the younger generation to the ‘lightness’ of 1940’s architecture. Brutalism represents an aesthetic that is rational, stripped of ornamentation and predominantly utalised unfinished concrete or rough stone. Initiated originally by Le Corbusier whose architecture was the “brutal reaction to the machine mass-produced
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