The Five Key Concepts from Chapters Fifteen, Sixteen, Seventeen and Nineteen in Funder's Textbook

796 WordsJun 16, 20184 Pages
The purpose of this paper is to discuss five key concepts from chapters fifteen, sixteen, seventeen and nineteen in Funder’s (2013) textbook. Specifically, I will discuss the frustration-aggression hypothesis, defensive pessimism and the declarative-self concerning self-esteem. Next I will cover improving self-knowledge and that personality is a multi-faceted ideal more complex than some might realize. I will use my previous subject, M.B. and extrapolate on these concepts with specific examples from the experiences and behaviors of the subject. Chapter fifteen introduced the concept of the frustration-aggression hypothesis. In essence, the subject displaces anger or frustration from disappointment. They will direct their emotions at…show more content…
He would get off the phone with the bank and assume it would never get it done and of course once that happened he was going to go default on his truck, lose his truck, lose his new job and never get off my couch. I suspect this made him pleasantly surprised when he got paid, kept his job and did not have to sleep on my couch anymore. The declarative-self and self-esteem, is in my opinion, one of the more important concepts this unit. The idea is that our opinion and perspective of ourselves counts in the personality analyses. It is the conscious knowledge we have of who we are that affects many of our decisions and thus our behaviors. In the case of M.B., he is very confident and has a solid self-esteem. This comes from his high opinion of himself and how he perceives his greatness as compared to others around him. This perspective may not always be right, but it most surely will affect behavior. Our parents raise us telling us “if we can think it we can do it”. M.B’s high self-esteem is a large part of his ambition and motivations. He sees himself as capable and hardworking and most times he is just that. Funder, in chapter seventeen, also discusses how one can improve self-knowledge. The declarative-self is derived from such knowledge. This can be done with reflection and being honest with oneself, constructive criticism from someone that is trust worthy and honest, and good old fashion observation of

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