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The Goals Of Community-Based Corrections In Prison And Prisons

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Community-based corrections is a cheaper means of punishing offenders in comparison to confining the offenders to jail or prison (Martin, 2003). Placing the offenders in community-based correctional programs reduce the issue of overcrowding in prisons and jails (Lawrence & Hesse, 2010). The primary purposes of community-based corrections are to hold the offenders accountable and protect public safety by monitoring the offenders through alternative programs (National Institute of Justice, 1998). The supervisor over the offender educates the offenders of the consequences of their actions, monitors the offenders, documents and reports non-compliance (Alarid, 2017). One of the theoretical premises of community-based corrections suggests that criminals will consider the costs and benefits and the consequences before violating the rules of the program or committing any new criminal offenses (Alarid, 2017). The specific deterrence theory suggests that if the criminal sanctions are severe enough, the offender will think twice before committing another crime because the consequences outweigh the benefits (Siegel, 2010). The community-based correctional programs discourage the offender from continuing old behavioral patterns through supervision. The goals of community-based correctional programs are rehabilitation, protect public safety, and restore the victims and the community back to the state they were before the crime occurred (Alarid, 2017). The community-based
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