The Human Genome Project Is A Scientific Program

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The Human Genome Project was a scientific program aimed at getting to know all of the complementary sequence of base pairs that make up the human genome, containing approximately 30 thousand genes. The project began in 1990 and was originally planned to last 15 years, but rapid technology advances accelerated the completion date to 2003. (WJEC A2 Biology, 2012) says main aims of the project were to:
• Identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA.
• Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA.
• Store this information in databases.
• Improve tools for data analysis
• Transfer related technologies to the private sector.
• Address the ethical, legal, and social issues that may arise from the project.
Twenty institutes from China, France, Germany, Japan, UK and the USA took part in the project. A famous one from the UK was the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute “a leader in the Human Genome Project” (Sanger, 2013). The partners in the Human genome project have made their results available to scientists around the world for free.

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries the genetic information that is needed to direct and develop an organism’s activity. It is made up of four chemical nucleotide bases which are: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C) and guanine (G). The DNA bases pair up specifically because they are on opposite strands, A pairs with T and C pairs with G, to form units called base pairs.

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