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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )

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Student: Gretel Herrera- Martinez
Panther ID: 3339147

" HIV in Miami- Dade County"

In this document, we are going to do a brief exposition about the HIV and report the statistical analysis of this virus in Miami-Dade County. First of all, we need to define what is “The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)”. HIV is a virus and it is considered a lentivirus (family of Retroviridae). This virus causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV was discovered and considered the agent of the emerging AIDS epidemic by the team of the scientific Luc Montagnier in France in 1983. The virus is spherical, equipped with a jacket and with a capsid protein. Virus’s genome is a single-stranded RNA strand DNA and must be copied temporarily to multiply and integrate into the genome of the cell it infects. Protein antigens of the outer casing are coupled specifically with membrane proteins of the infectable cells, especially CD4 T lymphocytes.
A person can be infected with HIV through the exchange of liquid fluids, specifically blood, semen and vaginal secretions with a person infected with the virus. An example of the transmission of the virus is by having sex with a person of the opposing sex or the same sex or sharing needles to inject person. Initially, HIV was considered an illness for homosexual people only, nowadays this virus affect all kind of population and race. Another hand for the case of pregnant women infected with HIV, they can also pass the virus to their babies
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