Teleworking is a common means of urban transportation demand management by eliminating or redistributing the business trips, but its impacts on society shouldn 't be neglected. In this study, impacts of teleworking on physical and mental health of teleworkers are analyzed. In order to this, a sample of working people of New York City is used to develop statistical models. Discrete choice approach in general and binary probit model in particular is selected for the statistical modeling and eight different models are developed. Obesity is selected as a criterion for physical health and six different mental characteristics, in addition to a general criterion, are used to describe mental health status. The model results show that …show more content…
Other solutions try to manage the demand by reducing or redistributing it, that are known as Travel Demand Management (TDM) solutions. One of these solutions is teleworking, which is a method to reduce the transportation demand (1).
Teleworking is the elimination of or shortening the business trips and is applicable to the careers that employees ' jobs can be done without their presence in the usual workplace. The employees, instead of attending the workplace, do their job from their home or a place close to it, one, a few days or all of a business week (2). Based on (3), approximately 80 percent of the teleworkers use their own private cars to commute to work when they have to attend their workplace. So, a prominent number of business trips won 't take place, or at least their distance decreases, and consequently not only the traffic congestion decreases, but also it results in the reduction of the fuel consumption and the adverse environmental effects of transportation (4). In a lot of studies the effects of teleworking on transportation system are evaluated, and majority of them, e.g. (5), (6) and (7), have found out that teleworking results in the reduction of the number of the traffic peak-hour trips due to the reduction of number of business trips and the shifting of a prominent portion of traffic peak-hour trips to off-peak hours.
In addition to the positive effects of this policy on the traffic state, teleworking improves the performance of the teleworkers
Telecommuting has been shown to reduce absenteeism, improve retention, and reduce recruitment costs for the organization (Family, pg. 730). Increased employee moral is also a benefit associated with telecommuting (Professional Isolation, pg. 512). Offering this new benefit that is such a satisfier for employees will likely result in reduced turnover within the organization and higher productivity. A study found pubic employees who were satisfied with their telework/telecommuting benefits were less likely to leave their positions (Family pg. 732). With the reduction of office time, an increase in employee productivity is likely due to fewer interruptions from fellow employees (Lessons pg. 10). With telecommuting having benefits to both the employer and employee, this new policy should bring positive results to the
Working in the ITS field, we have been asked to research the plausibility of allowing our 600+ employees the ability to telework. Currently half of our managers have the ability to work from home. With this ability we have security concerns, but we also have the expectation to be available to work no matter what the time of day is or how the weather is outside. When the credit union is closed for snow day’s managers with the ability to
Employers allow telecommuting for many reasons, including the ability to recruit better talent, decrease overhead expenses, increase productivity, expand the employee base to include those with disabilities (Anderson, Bricout & West, 2001; Lipin, 2010; Myungjung & So Hee, 2017), and to support
Telehealth Introduction Telehealth is the use of technology for the exchange of health information in a two way communication from one location to another using a variety of tools or applications. Tools and applications such as smart phone devices, video conferencing, emails, and other wireless applications are used for the convenience and improvement of delivery of healthcare. It has the advantage of connecting healthcare personnel and primary care provider with patients and provides knowledge through the network system regarding patient care and monitoring (Katzman, 2013). Telehealth is a cost effective way for the Advanced Nurse Practitioners (ANP) to have the ability to reach a wider geographical area and broader populations.
Justification The Bay Area is a traffic nightmare. The option to take public transportation, the CalTrain, for example, is a huge benefit and saves time and money. Telecommuting is also a great way to avoid the hassles of traffic and provide a flexible work schedule. Autonomy goes hand in hand with Telecommuting, with allowing people to have a flexible schedule. Also, it fosters a feeling of trust and encourages productivity and creativity.
Introduction: Technology is a constantly changing and evolving field. Those changes can be used to make the lives of people easier in every single way. With the creation of computers and the internet we have been applying technological changes in the health care world for years now. Patients can access their records with a few swipes at their keyboard and share records with other providers. In addition, providers can share reports with each other just as easily.
Tomika, a co-worker is excited about her new job working for an agency that installs tele-monitoring equipment into the homes of people with chronic illnesses. She will monitor the patients using the equipment with the goal of detecting problems before these patients are readmitted to the hospital. A job in telenursing enables the nurse to work from home assessing and interacting with her patients through videoconferencing. According to a scholarly journal of the American Nurses of Association, there has been an escalation in deployment of remote technology to enhance health care, and an increasing acceptance of these technologies. There are also legal and regulatory questions pertaining to the provision of healthcare using these technologies
Today’s fuel costs have put a great deal of pressure on the commuting employee and they are looking for ways to cut corners. An alternative for work commute trips is telecommuting. It is obvious that there is a tangible savings by the employee if they are able to work from their home. The employer is concerned and rightfully so that managing resources through telecommuting is more difficult than managing traditionally.
Convenience of the employer test. Other issues that warrant consideration when applying the “focal point test” include the federal government’s promotion of telecommuting under The Telework Enhancement Act of 2010 (Myungjung & So Hee, 2017), the ability to provide gainful employment to taxpayers suffering from disabilities that may otherwise be unable to work (Anderson, Bricout & West, 2001), as well as the positive impact to the environment. Given these other motives both employers and employees have for engaging in
Telehealth is defined as a form of conferencing that connects patients and health professionals through technology, providing an array of services such as diagnosis and assessment, medication management and individual therapy (L'Abate, 2015). Telehealth is associated with many advantages such as including improved accessibility, flexibility relating to personalisation and reduced costs (L'Abate, 2015). However, the effectiveness of telehealth has become more prominent in recent years in its ability to successfully provide basic health care to those who have restricted access to health services, thus offering new opportunities of individuals to meet health standards, increasing their health status. In Australia, those in rural and remote geographical
It is widely recognized that mental illness affects a significant proportion of the population; however, it is complicated to determine exact numbers. This problem can be attributed to such issues as the changing definitions of mental illness as well as difficulties in classifying, diagnosing, and reporting mental disorders. Limitations to adequate mental health services including social stigma, cultural incompatibility between patients and providers, language barriers, lack of insurance and logistical barriers. In addition, significant differences in socioeconomic status, lifestyle behaviors, and access to care have resulted in health disparities between rural and urban communities (Institute of Medicine, 2004). According
Currently, The City of Toronto has implemented several infrastructures and services to create a more sustainable method of transportation for individuals in urban environments, such as the Downtown Yonge Business Improvement Area. Some of which are done by discouraging the use of personal vehicles by limiting the numbers of parking spaces available, as well as implementing traffic signal synchronization and ramp metering. Many of these services have improved the congestion in Toronto significantly, however, due to the increasing population, the past improvements are not enough. The higher population in Toronto makes the land that is available more expensive and as a result, more people tend to have to move to new towns or suburban areas. Therefore, cities need to improve transportation services that are already available or they must create new and efficient transportation services to allow for better commuting (Farahani et al., 2013). Many people who commute to Toronto tend to rely on their personal automobile. Studies have shown that in the past two decades, travel by automobiles is the main method of transportation used in the Global Toronto Area (Abulibdeh, 2014). This is due to variety of reasons, some of which includes the comfort, speed and convenience one receives by driving a vehicle. As mentioned previously, the increase in
In 1970, around 5 millions commuter travelled by car to work daily, while around 4 millions worker used the bus and approximate 2 millions commuter used the train. In the 2000, the number of commuter travelled by car reached around 7 millions, by train reached 3 millions, while there was a small drop approximately 0.5 millions in the number of bus users.
Several examples cited by Cisco employees provide evidence of the qualitative value of Cisco's internal TelePresence deployment . For example , by avoiding travel , the employees can increase their availability for other customer meetings or work assignments. " Although our participants spent the same amount of time in the actual TelePresence meeting , they gained productivity because they saved travel time . For some , that time savings was huge , at 24 hours or more per trip ," says Dawn Adams Miller , a Cisco program manager .
With an increase in urbanization, more people are moving to the industrial cities in pursuit of alternative lifestyle and jobs. Life in city and suburbs can be compared and contrasted with various aspects in mind since they share quite some details in as much as they are vastly different. Firstly, the transportation is more accessible in the city as compared to the suburb where there are no apt transport networks as compared to the city, among the transport mode in the city are subways, busses, trams and ferries. These provide easy, fast and cheap means of getting around in the city in as much as the streets are crowded. This is in contrast to the suburbs since owning a car is mandatory since such public transport systems are not available. When the costs of insurance, fuel expenses and time of commuting are added up then transport in suburbs is seen to be expensive when compared to that in the city. The easy transport in the city does not come all rosy since the city is also flooded with traffic jams due to congestion and this can render transport slow. This is contrast with suburb life where there is no traffic and hence with no congestion traveling in suburbs is more peaceful (Boulter, 2005).