The Importance Of Antibiotic Resistance

1393 Words6 Pages
Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest threats to global health, food security and development today. It occurs naturally, but the pace of its process speeds up when given to humans and animals and it can affect anyone regardless of age and country of residence (Laxminarayan et al., 2013). According to World Health Organization (WHO), there are 700,000 people die every year because of antibiotic resistance (WHO,2016). Antibiotic resistance is on the rise to dangerous levels around the world, and new resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally and threaten our ability to treat common infectious diseases. A study by the Public Health Foundation in England between 2010 and 2013 found that prescription antibiotics increased by 6 percent and Escherichia coli resistance was recorded by 12 percent for the same period. There is a growing list of infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, septicaemia and gonorrhoea, which have become more difficult, sometimes impossible, to treat because of the low efficacy of antibiotics (Levy and Marshall, 2004). The world needs to change the way that antibiotics are prescribed and used. Even if new drugs are introduced, antibiotic resistance will continue to pose a significant threat unless it converts the behaviour of these drugs, a change that must also involve measures that limit the spread of infection by vaccination, washing hands, safe sex and take care of food hygiene. The abuse and excessive use of antibiotics
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