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The Importance Of Early Childhood Education

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While there are still many people who do not believe in the pivotal role that early childhood education plays in the psychosocial, cognitive development of children at the ages of three to five in particular, such benefits are well documented and illustrated by several psychoanalysts, leaving very little space for doubt. Perhaps one of the earliest most cited works is that of the Swiss psychologist and developmental biologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980). Based on his observations of how children make sense of the world around them, Piaget developed a four-stage model explaining how the mind processes new information encountered during cognitive development, which includes the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages. He posited that all children progress through these four stages in the same order beginning at infancy. While Piaget’s work on cognitive development and constructivist learning theory is widely cited in the field of education and is even the basis upon which many preschool programs are modeled, the German psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development garnered similar attention as it further illustrated the psychosocial development stages and classified them in eight distinctive categories, ranging from birth to the end of life. The third stage of Erikson’s theory (1959), the Preschoolers’ stage (three to five years), is of particular interest in the field of early childhood education cognitive research as it
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