The Motivation For Volunteering Is Not Always Based On Altruistic Motives

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By utilizing Bowlby’s attachment theory to break down and better understand individual involvement or lack of involvement in volunteering, and then separating their individual motives into the six categories refined and developed by (Clary ET AL. 1998) from the functional theorizing of Katz in 1960 and Smith in 1956, in Understanding and Assessing the Motivation for Volunteering. We can examine how these two support systems compliment and interplay in the minds of potential support providers, and gain a better understand what motivates people to volunteer and who actually benefits more from the act of volunteering the volunteers or those they serve. Attachment theory will give a clearer understanding of the egotistic motives behind…show more content…
Initially Bowlby saw the primary attachment figure as the mother; however he later added the father, siblings, and other family members or other people directly involved in our care as secondary figures. This system is activated when we feel the threat of separation from these attachment figures. By initiating a response referred to as attachment behavior, which initially takes the form of crying. If the caregiver is nearby and responsive to our needs, we feel secure and function normally. However, if the caregiver does not respond we will continue to display anxious behavior until our attachment figure returns and responds or our needs (Blakely & Dziadosz, 2014). This anxious behavior referred to by Bowlby as attachment style, is a reaction to signals received from the attachment behavior system exhibited by us in our expectations, needs, emotions, and social behaviors as we mature (Mikulineer ET Al. Attachment style was first studied by Mary Ainsworth in 1978 who determined the primary features of secure attachment style, as well as the features of two insecure attachment styles, anxious ambivalence, and anxious avoidance. A third attachment style referred to as disorganized was added by Main & Solomon in 1990 (Blakely Et Al 2014). These differences in can be measured equilaterally to determine an individual’s capabilities and motives for volunteering. Secure attachment facilitate altruistic helping behavior aimed at benefiting another person, even if there

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