The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism Summary

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1. The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
1. In 1517, German friar Martin Luther declared that the only source of God’s words was the Bible. By doing that, he denounced the authority of the pope and priests. This started the “Protestant Reformation”
2. In 1536, John Calvin from Geneva, wrote a doctrine in Latin which was entitled “Institutes of the Christian Religion”. There ideas formed a new, predestination supporting religion called Calvinism.
3. In the 1530s King Henry VIII broke off al ties with the Roman Catholic Church and formed the Protestant Church of England, which was the first step in turning England protestant.
4. People who wanted England to become Protestant faster were called Puritans.
5. Separatists were a small group of Puritans who broke away from the Protestant Church of England.
6. King James threatened to banish the Separatists from 1603-1625 due to his fear of being denied as not only a political leader, but a spiritual leader.
2. The Pilgrims End Their Pilgrimage at Plymouth
1. In 1620 a group of Separatists from Holland came to Plymouth Bay and illegally settled there. They left Europe in search of religious freedom.
2. Before leaving the Mayflower, the illegal settlers signed the Mayflower Compact.
3. The Compact was an agreement to form an unrefined government and be a democratic settlement (majority rules). 41 of the Adult males on board signed the Compact. This was the first attempt in government in the Americas.
4. In the winter of

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