Life has its way of turning an individual’s attention to better understanding the overall course of life. One may experience different transitions, and turning points as well as particular life events and family experiences that may influence the developmental trajectories of life. The Moore Family- Ed, Jessica, Derrick, Terrance, Debbie and Barbara- all have stories that have unfolded over a period of time. One of the useful ways I will attempt to explain the Moore’s family stories, and the relationship between time and human behavior, is the life course perspective. The life course perspective maintains that chronological age, relationships, common life transitions, and social change shape people’s lives from birth to death (Hutchinson, 2013). Timing is very important.
Themes Themes are life patterns that re-occur in people’s lives over a period of time. There are six major themes that explain the life course perspective; however, I will only utilize three of them, timing of lives, human lives and historical times, and human agency in making choices- to explain how they all interplay within the Moore’s family developmental trajectories.
Timing of lives
Barbara is 78 years old, which means her young adulthood would have been during the sixties. Her son Ed, is a product of the baby boomers era. The Baby Boomer era is one of the themes of this family. Ed and Jessica are a part of the “trailing edge boomers”, born between the years 1956 and 1964. The Boomers grew
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Unlike most people, I did not get to be a carefree child for long. Even though I always said that I could not wait to grow up, now I wish that it all did not happen so fast and early in my life. From eleven to twelve years old—that would be the period I describe as the time I had to put my big-girl pants on and face the real, cruel and unwelcoming adult world. In that time period, I can specifically pinpoint two major events that ended my childhood: my move from Russia to the United States and the birth of my baby sister Toma. To some those might not seem significant enough to change someone’s life to the extent that they changed mine; however those events molded me into the person I am today.
Erikson’s (1968, 1980, 1982) psychosocial stages of development provide a framework for the different stages of development throughout the human lifespan. These stages of development begin at birth and continue until death, and separate the lifespan into eight stages based on chronological age. Within these eight different aging stages are corresponding psychosocial stages. Each of these psychosocial stages represent a conflict between two characteristics of development for that particular time period in a person’s life.
Psychosocial development throughout the Life Cycle theory (sometimes known as individual development theory) proposes that each individual has the ability to master their environment at all stages of life (Coady & Lehman, 2008; Hutchison, 2008). The theory had its
The theme of Life As We Knew it is survive, thrive, and love your family. The theme helped me understand this book because after finding out the theme I could understand who:is the main character, what:Is the main idea, where:is The setting and why things were happening and connect it to the theme. Not only that but,throughout the book I was constantly thinking about the theme.
The Moore family is a family that is made up of three generations, starting with the grandparents, parents, along with the children. The Moore family also consist of multiple racial groups, such as African American and Caucasian that causes divided within the family because of the cultural differences within each group. The Moore family is made up of Jessica, Caucasian mother, Ed, African American father, Derrick, adopted African American son, Terrence, Jessica’s biological biracial son, and Debbie, Ed’s biological biracial daughter. With the listing of the both husband and wife along with the children, it is clear that this family has encounter a few life transitions, trajectories, cohorts, turning points, and life events. Understanding life course perspective will assist with understanding the family dynamics that are displayed within the Moore family. Life transitions, trajectories, cohorts, turning points, life events, along with other terms will be defined and discussed to fully examine the Moore’s family behavior and life events that guided their family’s development. With all of the issues that the Moore family has encountered both Jessica’s and Ed’s marital problems may be seen as the core of their family’s dysfunction, therefore, this will be explained under the life course perspective.
No matter who you are I believe that everyone will go through stages in their life that will get them to where they are on today. I am a person who has a very interesting story; this is the first time it will be told in full. We were asked to use Erik Erikson’s theory of development as a guideline to telling the story of our lives. At first I was very nervous; however, I soon realized that this would be a fun task. Erik Erikson has eight stages of Development (Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman). I will be walking you though my life using each one of his stages drawing out the map of my life. Within my life I have had some very interesting encounters. I have been through foster care, abuse, rape, molestation, starvation, adoption, depression, and
Life span developmental psychology takes a scientific approach to human growth and change, focusing on change during the life span. There are three main aspects to life span development: cognitive, social, and physical development. This class is not simply a discussion of nature vs. nurture, it explores the interaction between genetic and environmental factors that orient us towards specific behaviors. Initially, my views on life span development were limited to more sociological factors, and did not take into consideration physical developments of the brain. In relation to my personal and professional identity this course has made me realize that development occurs on a spectrum and that not everyone develops at the same time, in the same ways, making me more understanding and compassionate towards those who developed differently than me. The three most important lessons I have learned from this class are that development occurs throughout the entire life span, infants begin learning at a very young age, and that senescence begins as early as young adulthood.
This psychological interview analysis will compare and summarize the theoretical applications of Erikson’s Theory of Human Development and Levinson’s Life Structure Approach. The subject of the interview, Charlotte McBeth, will express the challenges that arise in the stable and transitional periods of life in a Scottish family, which she expresses in the various aspects of instability and transitional periods that Levinson defines. The death of an infant brother defines one such instability, which reflects the high infant mortality rate and a sense of guilt that Erikson would analyze through the “Initiative v Guilt” stage of childhood. However, Charlotte had a large and supportive family unit, which allowed her to find intimacy in adolescent with her close friend, Rena. In adulthood, Charlotte was able to transition to America by having a family support when leaving Scotland to find better job opportunities abroad. In essence, a summary of Charlotte’s interview will be accompanied by a psychological comparison of Erikson and Levinson’s life development theories.
Life periods tend to be blurred in a modern society for many reasons. Getting married, having children, and working used to have specific age frames. Now, many individuals do not feel rushed because societal expectations are not as clear. People do not always get married in their young adulthood years anymore, starting a new job does not have to be when an individual is young, and attending college has no age limit. As people progress through their lives, they find out their personal identity and throughout that time, life decisions can change. A person may way to retire when they are 50 and start a new path, or divorce after 10 years and explore more. An example of this can include how my dad recently just started to take college classes.
The life-span perspective is a modern scientific approach to the study of human development that accounts for all phases of life including childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and it breaks each phase into individual stages of development (Berger,2014). This perspective suggests that development is multidirectional, metacontextual, and all stages of development are important and play a crucial role in the individuals cognitive health (Berger,2014). The stages of development are categorized as infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, emerging adulthood, adulthood, and late adulthood. For the purpose of this paper I will be focusing on the infancy stage due to the importance of cognitive development before the age of two, middle childhood due to a child’s social structure becoming a defining factor in their lives, and emerging adulthood due to the stresses that an individual must endure while maturing into a young adult.
This methodology encompasses examining the child’s life through many different contexts, such as: demography, history, sociology, biology, developmental psychology, and economics. ( w. website ) The Life Course Perspective takes the combination of the historical and social factors and sees them in an individual’s course of personal development. A life course is defined as a sequence of socially defined events and roles that the individual enacts over time. ( W. website ) The theory loosely follows the sage old adage, “To know where you’re going, you have to know where you have been.” More precisely, the theory explains that the roles, events or transitions in an individual’s life don’t naturally progress in a structures order, but instead but create the sum of one’s life experience. (website) Transitions play an important role in the life experience.
According to Crawford and Walker(2010), the life course is defined in literature as, “The progression and path an individual takes from conception to death.” (Crawford and walker, 2012, p.3). The study of the life course and human development is extremely complex and could be described as interdisciplinary as it encompasses many fields of study. When examining the life course of individuals it is necessary to consider all of the various factors that affect human behaviour. These may include; psychological, biological, social, behavioural, cognitive or culture factors. Age can also be considered as a factor that influences lifespan development. In the early 19th century, the term “age related change” was regarded as only applicable to the early childhood stage but in recent years, psychologists have come to accept that age related changes occur throughout the entire life span. According to Boyd and Bee (2014), other earlier theories included Charles Darwin’s suggestion that, “the wide variety of life forms that exist on earth evolved gradually as a result of the interplay between environmental factors and genetic process.” (Boyd and Bee, 2014, p.3) Therefore Darwin proposed that it was either solely, “nature” or “nurture” that influenced the human development, but instead, a combination of both. In this assignment, I am going to focus on the specific psychological factors that influence human behaviour during the life course. I will compare two different psychological
At some point in your life, did you ever wonder how you became the person you are today? What factors might have had an influence in your life to how you behave in society? Developmental Psychology helped me figure out how events in my life molded me into the young adult I am today and helped discover the themes that affected my life. In this paper, I will be focusing on divorce, my personality, premature births, and how I struggled in my academics. I will be explaining this journey throughout these four themes: family influences, personality development, physical development, and cognitive development.
“Time crumbles things; everything grows old under the test of time and is forgotten through the lapse of time.”- Aristotle. When we think of time, it 's very hard to explain what exactly what it is, but it 's simply the concept that it 's a measurement of how long events take place for. Everything imaginable is affected by time, it takes time for events to even occur, but most of all, time affects sentient beings the most. More specifically I’m referring to humans, ourselves, because we are the most advanced species as we know of so far and that we are capable of the creation of the “unknown.” From what I mean by this creation of the “unknown” is that humans have been evolving,improving, with increases of intelligence to think, “create”, the modern technology we have today and are capable of creating immeasurable amounts of items and ideas, we are able to shape our own futures. Even so that each and everyone of us, humans, are capable of greatness, each and everyone of us have flaws, weaknesses. Well for every human, alive or deceased, are still affected by time, and it is what time is that makes it the most fatal of our weaknesses but greatest resource. This weakness is that all humans have is time, time is a restraint itself and as with many humans, as well as myself one of our greatest weaknesses and there is no way to overcome it only to move on with our lives like time itself. We humans are incapable of controlling time, but are
Time by and large is an unusual and hard topic to discuss. This is true because time is both absolute and relative. For time is a common repeating occurrence, but the speed of time can be observed differently by people. Two people were interviewed about time: Interviewee 1 and Interviewee 2. The interviewees were asked four questions, all of them revolving around time. The interviewees had similar and dissimilar responses to the questions asked. Normally Interviewee 1 would say time depends on how you spend it with other people, on the other hand, Interviewee 2 would say time depends more on the individual.