Individuals who have encountered an event of a heart attack, angina, heart failure, stroke, coronary artery bypass graft, or heart valve surgery experience multiple unfavourable healthcare outcomes. Cardiac health conditions are an enduring healthcare concern with alarming associated complications and risks. These lifelong chronic conditions affect both patient and family’s quality of life, ultimately, requiring ongoing management for cardiac patients to live longer and healthier lives. Cardiac rehabilitation programs reduce mortality and morbidity rates (Dalal, Doherty & Taylor, 2015). These programs are medically controlled cardiac programs which will modify a patient’s wellbeing and lifestyle, by implementing new lifestyle skills to …show more content…
The benefits of cardiac rehabilitation, encompasses the reduction of cardiac health medication necessities, decrease in blood pressure values, decrease in hospital admissions and hospital stays (Sagar , Davies, Brisco, Coats, Dalal, Lough, Rees, Singh & Taylor., 2015), prevent further cardiac health problems, reduce the risk of fatal heart attacks and ,ultimately improve quality of life.
Post hospital stay and admission of the cardiac patient post cardiac event will be provided education on cardiac rehabilitation programs. The length of cardiac rehabilitation programs differ according to the cardiac patient’s condition, cardiac health needs the patient requires and the cardiac event the patient has encountered. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are provided in an outpatient clinic or may also be implemented in the cardiac patients home. Cardiac rehabilitation in a patient’s home is inclusive of, telephone support, online Heart Education Assessment and Rehabilitation Toolkit (HEART), and home visits from services in the community, (Recommended Framework for Cardiac Rehabilitation, 2004). Cardiac rehabilitation programs require expertise from a range of professionals from the multidisciplinary team including, a cardiologist, a cardiac rehabilitation nurse, physician, dietician,
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"Reducing 30-Day Readmissions for African Americans with Congestive Heart Failure by improving health literacy through a Comprehensive Context Oriented Discharge Plan”
A literature review of nurse – guided patient –centered heart failure education programs reveal that several studies have recommended strategies to promote improved outcomes for heart failure patients by placing emphasis on education focused on promoting patient self-care management in regards to diet, exercise, weight monitoring, and medication adherence (Baptiste, Mark, Groff-Paris, & Taylor, 2014, p. 53). Heart failure self-care refers to all of the practices in which patients engage to maintain their own health and the decisions that they make about managing signs and symptoms. Hospital initiatives working to improve heart failure readmission rates should implement a patient education program that focuses on self-care. To make it easier to manage the heart failure population at any given time, all patients presenting with heart failure should be admitted to a specific inpatient ward, and daily nursing huddles should be utilized in order to identify heart failure patients. All heart failure patients should be educated by the nursing staff throughout their stay by specialty nurse educators who are themselves educated on heart failure treatments and protocols. The research concluded that implementing standardized patient education programs that focus on self-care management
Rehabilitation, what is rehabilitation? Rehabilitation is the action of restoring someone to a normal life through training and therapy after incarcerated, addiction or illness. Rehabilitation can be used for an offender who has committed a crime and is incarcerated, someone who is struggling with addiction or illness. Rehabilitation was originated in 1779 by the British Government as part of the Penitentiary Act, rehabilitation would consist of punishment along with treatment for the offenders. (Benjamin Disraeli 2004). The purpose of rehabilitation is to treat the offender in order for the offender to return to society and be able to contribute, rehabilitation is also a punishment for breaking a law.
This assignment will explore a patient journey (Mr Jones) with coronary heart disease and focus on two therapeutic interventions that would restore, maintain or improve Mr Jones health status. This journey was chosen as the author expresses interest in this chosen area as it has significantly impacted on not only Mr Jones life but in the wider society too. Firstly, it will examine percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and how this would benefit him and the potential risks involved, following the nurses’ role with providing after care of this procedure. Secondly, cardiac rehabilitation will be analysed and how it plays a crucial part for a patient to recover after coronary intervention. This was chosen as it has played a significant role in the NHS as many people are having heart problems associated with hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus and these two interventions have been effective in reducing mortality and morbidity rates. Research has shown it will increase by 25% by 2020 as it is the common cause of death, this is fundamental that it should be focused on to address the issues impacting on the future health of the population and to educate patients to reduce hospital admissions by effectively managing their health problems in a holistic manner.
Providing patients diagnosed with Congestive Heart Failure effective teaching can eliminate reoccurring hospitalizations. Patients are discharged with CHF and readmitted within 30 days. The information provided will examine the process of enhancing patient knowledge and provide additional resources essential for effective health care management. Research evidence provides data that proves patients who are diagnosed with CHF needs a variety of health care needs during admission and after discharge. The proposal will display an evaluation plan, implementation plan and a dissemination of the
Each year the number of readmissions of the heart failure patient within 30 days of discharge has grown. The Medicare division in relation with the Affordable Care Act is reducing the amount of money they are willing to pay for readmissions to the hospital. Hospitals are now more than ever looking for ways to reduce the number of readmissions to the hospital for the heart failure patient. The purpose of this paper is take a look at a program designed with to reduce the readmission rates of one hospital to reduce the number of readmission through improved education and follow up of the heart failure patient.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) there are an estimated 5.1 million adults suffering from heart failure (2013). As the prevalence of heart failure continues to rise, one out of every nine deaths occur as a result of this chronic condition. Studies conducted at Yale found in Medicare age patients with heart failure, there is a median 30-day mortality rate of 11.1% and 5-year rate of approximately 50% (Alspach, 2014). According to Desai & Stevenson (2012), rising costs of care are in direct correlation to the number of hospital admissions related to a primary diagnosis of heart failure especially among adults age 65 years or older. The national rate for readmissions within 30 days is approximately 24.7%, consequently having
Patient education is a must in this population, since many have limitations when it comes to lifestyle choices. An area I feel the heart team does an excellent job in addressing. As for their health literacy levels, since these clients have lived with their complex cardiac condition most of their lives, I believe their, or family’s, health literacy is relatively high. Most understand the severity of their disease and how it affects most other aspects of their lives. When it comes to an exercise regimen or planning a family, their cardiac health plays a key factor. Although, there are those minority with secondary mental disabilities that are at higher risk of errors in self-care, but what
A great amount of time, money and resource is devoted to improving the transition to home from hospital in the heart failure patient (Qaddoura, Ashoori, Kabali, Thabane, Haynes, Connolly & Spall, 2015). With extensive research available on heart failure and readmission, this study will focus on four main categories. This four category approach allows the clinician to best formulate and prepare for practice in the outpatient setting. The four categories will include various articles based upon evidenced based practice approaches with ultimate goal of reducing admission by implementing successful outpatient care. The four categories are as follows: Frequent monitoring or reporting to the PCP; Medication and Diet compliance; Predictors of
Over the years, a supporting research base has been established for cardiac rehabilitation (CR). As a result, the National Institute for Health Care and Excellence (NICE) has developed guidelines to ensure CR is included as part of the care plan for all acute coronary syndromes (NICE, 2013). Qualitative research methods are particularly suited to understand patient’s personal feelings, experiences and reasoning for a particular action (Keegan, 2009). This qualitative research paper is called “Exercise motives of long-term phase IV cardiac rehabilitation participants” (Thow, Rafferty & Kelly, 2008). The authors aimed to identify specific motivational factors for exercise in CR and to identify any gender
Cardiac rehabilitation is a program that aid patients to recover after a cardiac event. The program started in the 1960s after it was determined that the exercise and right diet has a significant effect on the heart after a cardiac event (Certo, 1985). Its sole purpose is help the patients to lower the risk factors of heart problems in the the future. The program is composed of various health workers -- such as physicians, clinical psychologist, nurses, clinical dietician, and pharmacists (Hamm, 2012). One of the main aspects of the cardiac rehabilitation program is changing the lifestyles of the patients in order to avoid further heart complications and improve overall health in
Credentials: I feel strongly about this topic because there are quite a few people in my own family that struggle with heart issues, one relative even needing a transplant.
The starting period of heart recovery happens not long after your cardiovascular occasion. An intense consideration physical specialist will work intently with your specialists, medical attendants, and other restoration experts to help you begin to recapture your portability.
Psychosocial rehabilitation models the ultimate patient-centered interventions; it effectively supplements the individual’s recovery. Recovery is deeply
Cardiac rehabilitation programme is structured to be either hospital based, community based or home based. It was recommended by WHO, (1993) that cardiac rehabilitation should start at the time of coronary heart disease, or