The Rwandan Genocide

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The Tutsi are a people who live in Rwanda, Burundi, and the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The location, size, and history, most importantly, is why the Tutsi tribe the second largest population division among the three largest groups in Rwanda and Burundi, the other two being the Hutu and the Twa. Although the Tutsi tribe is one of the most known tribes in Africa, it comes from a long way of fighting for its' rights and independence. Rwanda and Burundi contain many mountains located in east-central Africa. Their combined total area is about 20,900 square miles . This is about the combined size of the states of Maryland and New Jersey. Tutsi also live in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo . They live near the city of Bukayu in the Mulenge region. Here they are known as the Banyamulenge. The population of Rwanda and Burundi was about 13 million in 1994. European colonists wanted an estimate of how many Tutis and other ethnic groups they were during that period so they created a scheme according to a economy statues and physical features. They defined "Tutsi" as anyone owning more than ten cows (a sign of wealth) or with the physical feature of a longer nose, or longer neck, commonly associated with the Tutsi. Tutsis are tall and sturdy people. Their physical characteristics make them great soldiers leading them to indepence . Their physical strength have been useful in building up a strong military force in Burundi.

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