The September Crisis Of Canada

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The October Crisis was a series of events trigged by the kidnapping of two government officials during October of 1970 in the province of Quebec. The kidnappings of British Trade Commissioner James Cross and Quebec Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte were the pinnacle of all terrorist activity led by the Front de Libération du Quebec (FLQ). The FLQ was a radical separatist group who strived for Quebec’s independence from the rest of Canada. The circumstances ultimately culminated in the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history, invoked by Governor General of Canada Roland Michener at the direction of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The use of the War Measures Act had been requested by the Premier of Quebec, Robert…show more content…
The invocation of the War Measures Act was also widely supported throughout Quebec and Canada, with eighty-six percent of Quebec’s population and eighty-eight percent of Canadians agreeing with the use of the War Measures Act in a poll by the Gallup company. Furthermore, the detainment of individuals and suspension of civil liberties under the War Measures Act is justified because close to ninety percent of those arrested were released soon after, and members of authority executed the arrests non-violently with the well-being of the individuals as their top priority. Trudeau’s imposition of the War Measures Act was crucial considering that the FLQ presented the most serious threat of domestic terrorism in Canadian history. Although the events leading up to the October Crisis were relatively slow-paced, it was the increase in the severity of FLQ crimes that led the Sûreté du Quebec to call on Canada’s federal government to implement the War Measures Act. The FLQ, claiming “independence or death”, was responsible for half of the domestic terrorism events in Canada between 1960 and 1985. It had claimed its first victim on 21 April 1963 after the bombing of a military office in Montreal - the first of over two hundred bombings between 1963 and 1970, and the first of eight deaths associated with the FLQ. This allowed the group to repute itself as a legitimate terrorist threat that directly jeopardized the lives of civilians. The members of the FLQ were a
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