The United States did not have a favorable relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War due to the Soviet’s desire to spread communism. In the midst of the ideological battle between the United States and the Soviets, U.S. sought attention to whole Southeast Asia due to the radical dispersion of Communism. North Vietnam formed an alliance with the Soviet Union, and China to unite the country into a communist regime. As an international peace keeper, the United States decided to fund the French and eventually send military troops to Vietnam to help in combat he North Vietnamese guerillas, and contain the spread of communism before it escalates in full-scale across all of Southeast Asia. The Marshall Plan urged the United States to …show more content…
Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh Hoi, also known as the Viet Minh, a previous political party transformed into a guerilla force led by a devoted Communist, Ho Chi Minh. Minh’s ultimate goal was for Vietnam to gain independence from European ruling – the French and to be free from Vietnam’s enemy, Japan. By July 1954, the Geneva Agreement was signed granting Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam their independence The Geneva Agreement created a demarcation line at the 17th parallel temporarily separating the military of the French and the Viet Minh between the French and Vietnam, and excluded United States. The Soviet Union and Communist China violated the agreement by providing Ho Chi Minh with more weapons and equipment. Minh was relentless in his motivation to dethrone the government leader, Diem, in the South. Political leader of South Vietnam, Ngo Din Diem faced multiple oppositions from the Soviet Union and the communist regime, but Diem was fully supported by the U.S. Military Advisers.
After the invasion of South Korea by North Koreans in 1950, United States decided to fund Vietnam’s military force of $4 billion to help the French in their operations with Indochina. According to Sandra Taylor, author of “Tracing the origins of U.S. involvement in Vietnam”, the U.S. actually “refused” to provide money to the French directly. The Marshall Plan was signed “to stop the spread of communism through financial aid
In 1960s, the US was faced with another crisis of communist expansion in the war between North and South Vietnam. The Kennedy Administration decided to further pursue their containment strategy out of fear being seen by the international community as weak towards communism. During the Johnson Administration, an attack against American vessels that happened in the Gulf of Tonkin led to President Johnson being granted the ability to conduct broad military operations without congressional approval. The American public began to largely oppose American intervention in Vietnam because the optimistic statements made by the government ran contradictory to the reports of the violent fighting by American news outlets. During the Nixon administration, the US switched to a policy, later known as Vietnamization, where the main goal was to strengthen the South Vietnamese forces and provide them with better armaments so they can better defend themselves. Vietnamization proved to be ineffective as the South Vietnamese forces were unable to hold their own against the North without US air support as proven during Operation Lam Son 719 and the Easter Offensive. The signing of the Paris Peace Accords officially ended US involvement in the Vietnam War. The US followed containment policies during beginning of the war due to the underlying fear of the spread of communism and since the policies were inherited from previous
The US has been known to diverge from its once-isolationist state, engaging in international affairs like World War I and several other events alike. It’s therefore no surprise that the US intervened in the Vietnam War during the 1960’s. At the time, President Lyndon B. Johnson put forth new ideas, plans and tactics to help and protect the South Vietnamese and surrounding countries from communist influence. However, the United States’ initial goals and plans didn’t always go the way they had expected. Indeed, Johnson’s Vietnam policies failed because of his unreasonable military strategies and his inefficient political actions.
It was under President Johnson’s presidency that the United Sates sent U.S. troops to enter the Vietnam War. The military troops became involved in the conflict in order to contribute to the salvaging of the country underneath communism; additionally it was also supposed to prevent any further expansion of communism during that time. The French had sent in troops prior to the U.S., but after their retrieval it was the United States turn to contribute actively to the cause with military action (Rosenberg, n.d.).
During the period of both wars, the U.S. committed to preventing further growth of communism. During the Korean War, the South gained backing and assistance of the U.S., reasoning that the government of North Korea were wanting to pursue the expansion of their communism towards the south of Korea. With the increasing growth of American troops, air and naval forces, and strategic combat, the intervention of the U.S. slowed the North Koreans from advancing south. American involvement in Vietnam was an implementation of the Containment Policy, which was a the obligation of U.S. foreign approach makers to terminate the expansion of communism (Vietnam War). With the participation of the U.S., the South was provided financial assistance and military hardware. This permitted North Vietnamese troops to retain their militia in the south.
Before the famous Vietnam war started, America promised we would keep communism from taking over. When Eisenhower and Kennedy were in office they continued to supply weapons, funds, and military advisors to South Vietnam. America stepped in when North Vietnam began to take over South Vietnam. We stepped in to help South Vietnam because they are our allies and they couldn't take on North Vietnam alone. This action taken by the United States government to step in created many problems within our own country.
From the beginning, the people of America had a distrust in the government when they first began to involve themselves in the Vietnam War. The United States feared that communism would overtake the world, and, unlike the majority of its citizens, the government of America felt it their responsibility to prevent this from happening. An opportunity presented itself in which America could aid in the prevention of the overtaking of Vietnam by a communist government. South Vietnam and North Vietnam were separated at the seventeenth parallel, and South Vietnam wanted it to remain that way and to become its own independent country and democracy. However, North Vietnam and its leader, Ho Chi Minh, wanted to unite both North and South Vietnam under communist rule. In 1954, President Eisenhower put into effect America’s plan to halt the spread of communism. Eisenhower sent a letter to Ngo Dinh Diem, the Prime Minister of South Vietnam, with America’s plans and motives in efforts to gain the trust of a possible new American ally. The citizens of America saw this, not as an opportunity, but as a danger to their precious country. The American government viewed South Vietnam’s situation as a cry for
America 's first substantial involvement in Vietnam began during Eisenhower 's Presidency, with military advisers, equipment and aid being provided to the South Vietnamese government. With the Korean War still clearly imprinted in the minds of most Americans, the option of using ground troops in Vietnam was unbearable. Eisenhower stated in 1955 "I cannot conceive of a greater tragedy for America than to get heavily involved now in an all-out war in the [Indochina] region. However, he did believe strongly in the importance of victory in the Cold War and the number of military advisers in Vietnam grew to 700 during his presidency and the United States trained, equipped, and paid the South Vietnamese Army. At this time, President Eisenhower was very positive in his attitude towards winning in Vietnam.
and the Soviet Union. During the Cold War between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, the “domino theory” sums up American foreign policy during the Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy administrations. The “domino theory” essentially argues that if a particular country in a region succumbed to a communist regime then the surrounding countries would eventually follow suit. Prior to the Vietnam War, the U.S. desperately tried to prevent nations around the world to fall to communist rule and strengthen the Soviet Union. The Marshall Plan and the permanent stationing of over 100,000 troops in West Germany helped prevent the spread of communism in Europe and the Korean War helped prevent communism and Chinese influence taking over the entire Korean peninsula.
During the Cold War, American political leadership was determined to slow the spread of communism wherever it could be slowed. The policy that American leadership followed (The Domino Theory) was that if the communists took over one country, the countries around that nation would soon fall to the communists, like dominos. Hence, communism needed to be stopped. President Dwight Eisenhower initially sent some advisors (an estimated group of 700 military personnel) to help train the South Vietnamese troops to be able to defend themselves against aggression from the North Vietnamese communists. President John F. Kennedy continued sending "advisors" and other military personnel to South Vietnam (John Kennedy Presidential Library).
Throughout the Cold War, Korean War, and Vietnam War the main problem was communism. Although the United States and the Soviet Union were allies in World War Two, during the Cold War the United States and the Soviet Union were known as enemies. The Soviet leaders bragged to other nations that communism would “scrape apart” free-enterprise systems around the world. This attitude angered the capitalists which led into the fifty year Cold War. The United States tried creating many tactics and strategies to contain the “bleeding” of communism, but during the cold war, communism spread faster then it could be restrained. The United States used the Marshall Plan , the Trueman Doctrine, and the Berlin Airlift to help lead people to a
Yet, historians across the globe collectively agree that the primary reason why United States entered the Vietnam War was to thwart spread of communism to South Vietnam. Thus, Vietnam War was the perfect avenue where America could further its new acquired modus operandi of containment (Schulzinger 408). America had to act fast especially in reminisced of the recent defeat of French armada. Defeat of French armada had culminated into signing of treaty held in Geneva which assured both Cambodia and Laos of their independence. Besides, America was aware of the imminent division of Vietnam into both South and North Vietnam.
An argument favoring America’s involvement in Vietnam is that capitalist country South Vietnam would be overthrown by communist North Vietnam, unless The United States became involved in Vietnam to control the spread of communist activity. The United States feared communist ideals spreading globally during the 1950’s and replacing capitalism, this fear urged action to aid South Vietnam. Leading up to Vietnam war, the French colonized South Vietnam but were weakened by the calamity of World War 2. The United States sought to protect corporate interests and with an ever increasing shift in the global market towards communism, grew weary of strickend trade among the Indonesian region of the globe. The strength of this argument is that without United States involvement, the financial climate would shift for the worst, and communistic views would
However despite this the Vietminh relentlessly used every resource at their disposal to conquer the hill. This was such a humiliating defeat for the French that it persuaded them to pull out of the war. The Geneva Agreement proposed that Vietnam would be split in two, and elections would be held every 2 years to determine who would run the country. But America failed to agree and refused to sign as it believed it was to the benefit of communism. Ngo Dinh Diem was the southern Vietnamese Prime minister, he and his government were supported by the Americans despite being extremely corrupt.
The war in Vietnam was heavily opposed in the United States during the 1960s and 1970s. Most Americans, including those on the front lines, did not know what the United States was fighting for. American foreign policy during the cold war revolved around Eisenhower’s “Domino Theory” speech. This stated that if a country were to fall to communism, its neighboring countries are more likely to give in to communism as well. Because of this, when Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh announced himself as a communist, the United States took action.
In Vietnam, there were strong nationalism and called for removal of outside intervention. The US thought that Vietnam was incapable of self-government. Through the state-building projects in Vietnam, the US wanted to demonstrate American power in building capacity and influence in the Cold War.