The Terrorist Turn Adopted By Eta

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However, the terrorist turn adopted by ETA was not an effective strategy to have their voice heard in a democracy. As argued by Furlow and Goodall, a way to understand the political rhetoric of any extremist group is to analyse their core narrative techniques. “Linking enemies to historical villains of the past” is a common strategy for extremist groups to justify their actions. Reminding the historical repression of the Basque identity is actually the strategy adopted by ETA to justify its actions. Such as strategy turns out to be inefficient in democratic Spain. At first, the heavy repression undertaken by the Franco government boosted ETA’s support not only in the Basque country but also internationally. The main strategies of ETA were…show more content…
The Franco Government answered by sentencing death penalty to any person found guilty, but this practice only strengthened international support for ETA, which was compared to national liberation movements (Alonso, 2011). As Spain was on the verge of democratization, ETA experienced profound changes in its internal structure. In 1974, ETA was divided into two groups, a military one (ETA-m) and a political military one (ETA-pm). ETA-m, the minority group, wanted to stick with use of violence only while ETA-pm was advocating that armed struggle should be coupled with popular mobilization (de la Calle and Sanchez-Cuenca, 2013). The repression faced during the dictatorship along with the determinant role played by ETA in the opposition to the dictatorship encouraged the democratic government to recognize the particularities of the Basque identity. After passing an amnesty law for all ETA prisoners in 1977, the Government granted the status of autonomy to the region. The Basque Country now had a Basque Parliament, a Basque Government, their own education and health system, their own fiscal system as well as their own police force. As a result, Basque history and language were inserted in school curriculum and Basque newspapers emerged. But ETA wanted independence. The group thus radicalized killing civil guards, businessmen, parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors, journalists, university professors but also civilians in car bombing attacks. In April1995, ETA
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