The Theory Of Attachment Theory

1774 WordsJul 7, 20158 Pages
Attachment theory was created by John Bowlby in the late 1930’s (McLeod, 2009). He came up with this theory when he was working with children in London at a psychiatric clinic (McLeod, 2009). The children he was working with were emotionally disturbed and needed much help (McLeod, 2009). It was this experience that led Bowlby to consider the importance of the relationship between the child and the parent (emotionally and cognitively) (McLeod, 2009). More specifically, he was able to theorize that there might be a link between early infant separations with the mother and later maladjustment, which would lead Bowlby to create his attachment theory (McLeod, 2009). Bowlby worked with Robertson to observe children that may be distressed when separated from their mothers (McLeod, 2009). It was at this point that that they noticed that the children did not break their anxiety, even when fed by other caregivers (McLeod, 2009). Bowlby and Robertson noted their findings, and that they conflicted with the behavioral theory of attachment which showed there was an underestimated child’s bond with the mother (McLeod, 2009). Behavioral theory states that attachment will happen with the mother due to mother feeding the infant (McLeod, 2009). However, Bowlby theory went into more detail about attachment than just between mother feeding infant. He stated that attachment is a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” (McLeod, 2009). Bowlby then presented the

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