The Three Philosophies Of China

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Religions Essay Mrs. Johnson Tue, Jan 31st Religion organizes society; it controls our daily life and can be the breaking or making point of a society. The three Philosophies of China consist of Legalism, Daoism, and Confucianism, but only one Philosophy surpasses all others, Confucianism. Legalism is one of the strictest ways of ruling. Han Fei Zi founded legalism; he believed that there was only one way to obtain order in a society; this was through learning from your mistakes. Although the punishments were cruel and caused many to suffer, it also provided obedience from citizens. (Johnson) Legalism was based off of three strict guidelines: Fa, Shi, and Shu. Fa states that authority should not be used through…show more content…
Daoism’s main focus is the Dao. The Dao is near impossible to describe in words therefore it is represented by the Yin and Yang symbol. The Yin and Yang symbol represent balance within the universe. The Yin and Yang may be one the most important ideas in Daoism. (Johnson) The following quotation represents this extremely important idea: “When everyone in the world sees beauty, then ugly exists.” – Lao Tzu. (The Tao Theme) This quotation is definitely representing the Yin and Yang. The Yin and Yang are both symbols that are harmonic and cannot exist without one another. The Yin represents darkness and the Yang represents the light. You cannot know what darkness is until you have experienced light, therefore the Yin and Yang wouldn’t exist without one another. Just like ugly wouldn’t exist without beauty, as shown in the quotation. (Yin, Yang Theory) Daoism was not the only successful philosophy, so was Confucianism. Confucianism is by far one of the best beliefs and shows many important aspects of life. A Philosopher named Kong Qiu first started Confucianism. Kong Qiu is better known by the name, Confucius. Confucius was born in 551 B.C and he saw that the world was filled with too much sorrow; therefore he came up with the philosophy of Confucianism. Confucius believed that his philosophy would impact all of China and would restore humanity, and it did. Later on Confucius’s teachings had become a government
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