The Trade Between Canada And Canada

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Approximately, $2 billion of trade is conducted between the two countries each day. The volume of trade between the two countries was about $658 billion dollars in 2014(U.S. Census Bureau
, 2015).Below is a graphic representation of the value of trade between the U.S and Canada for past 30 years.
Source: According to the website of NAFTA, the trades between the two countries sees a significant increase with the signing of U.S Canada Free trade agreement (FTA) in 1988 which was followed by NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement).(NAFTA, 2012) This treaty resulted in elimination of tariffs and reduction of many non-tariff barriers of trade between the
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[include technology aspects]
The rest of the report is organized as follows. The next section is a review of literature concerning the research topic, determining the measures taken by cross-border transportation carriers. Then we will define the methodology consists of the collection of data, the design of questionnaire and the selection of the interviewees. The following section consists of detailed analysis of the two trucking companies we interviewed and a comparison between them. The last section will wrap up all the findings and suggestions followed by the Appendix.

2.Literature Review One of the important study on cross border freight transportation was done by (Woudsma, 1999). The main purpose of this study was to understand the nature of cross-border market and to study the impacts of deregulation and Free trade agreements on the market. Before deregulation, the trucking companies from both countries didn’t compete with each other directly. They were engaging in inter-line agreements. In these agreements, a firm based in one nation would handle freight till the border crossing and hand over to another firm based in the other country to handle freight from there onwards. After deregulation, these firms could establish operations across the borders. Thus, both U.S and Canadian trucking firms were directly competing with each other for market share in both territories. Due to free trade agreements, the demand pattern had
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