The Umayyad Dynasty in the Period of Islamic History

717 Words Feb 19th, 2018 3 Pages
An era of great expansion, Umayyad dynasty’s reign didn’t hold much except for consistent warfare. Around 750 AD when Abdullah Al-Saffah rooted the foundations of the Abbasid dynasty on the blood and bones of Umayyad, the Islamic empire was vast rich and more powerful than any empire on the planet which gave the rulers of the Abbasid caliphate ample time to focus on the cultural aspects of Islamic civilization.
The early Abbasids strived to consolidate the empire by firming its foundations in the forms of alliances and quelling rebellions; however the entire Abbasid period is known to be influenced by the Persian culture that was never given a chance to thrive under the Umayyad rule. The Umayyads were not overtly fond of the Persian aspect of the Islamic world and always held them in contempt hence never giving the art and cultural aspect of the legendary Persian civilization to flourish under their rule. Yet the Caliph Abu Jafar Al Mansur’s effort to establish the city of Baghdad where the ancient Persian city of Ctesiphon; the seat of the legendary Sassanid empire used to be indicates that the Persian influence was back in the Abbasid courts.
Baghdad since then became the seat of Islamic cultural and civilization heralding the golden age of Islamic learning. It has been known…
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