The Uses Of Gene Therapy

1135 WordsOct 6, 20155 Pages
Gene therapy is the procedure that uses genes as the agent to avert or treat diseases. Gene therapy relates to genetics because it uses genes to treat and prevent cell parts in our body. The uses of gene therapy are: Replaces mutated genes with healthy copies of the gene Deactivating mutated genes that are harming the body Injecting other gene into body to help battle a certain disease High Cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) is when there is very high levels of cholesterol in the body. A fat-like substance is produced and body takes in cholesterol to make cell membranes, compounds that help in digestion, and make some hormones. Body can take in from foods like meat, fish, poultry, and other non-organic foods like pizza. If there is too much cholesterol in your body then you have a high risk of getting certain disease. The gene needed to restore the function of the mutated gene is injected into a vector which is created to transport the gene to the required location. Viruses are used as vectors, are modified so they can’t release the disease. They merge their genetic materials into a human cell chromosome. Some viruses inject their genetic materials in their DNA in nucleus of cell. Vectors can either be injected or injected straight into a tissue where the cells take it like veins. The treatment is successful when new gene that was injected makes functioning protein. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) genetic code. Genetic coding, is letters used in the codes, consists of

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