The Voice Of The Maua Mau, By John Ngugi

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Unlike postcolonial writers, Ngugi in his novel deliberately includes a colonizer voice. However, the colonizers are unattractive voice, but Ngugi suggests some understanding of the principles behind colonialism, and the disillusionment with its failure. Clearly, the main voice of the colonizer of the novel, John Thompson. The ideals of Thompson are based on harsh racial superiority, outlined in his work for Prospero in Africa, in his notes, Thompson attempts to present good image that British colonizer can do by spreading his culture in Africa, in the same diary, Thompson raises a crucial question: "What's this thing called Mau Mau?" in fact, the British colonizers degrade the status of movement; they classified the Mau Mau as a falsified…show more content…
The novel attempts to refute these claims by proving that Mau Mau is a politically motivated one which transcends tribal boundaries in Kenya. Ngugi, a Kikuyu writer, concentrates on the plight of the Kenyan population during these troubles. In surveying the writing of the history by the colonizer's lens that escape and exclude the innocence descriptions of Mau Mau, it is clear the limited of colonial perspective in its scope; though this is not necessary a negative trait, it does not offer anything by way of the colonized, but by using the history of the Mau Mau resistance as a framework for the novel, Ngugi rejects the colonizer’s claim that Mau Mau movement was purely evil and its adherents are mere terrorists and primitive savages driven by bloodthirsty. For that Ngugi offers an oppressed perspective from the ground, for instance, in A Grain of Wheat, Mau Mau is a band of freedom fighters and Kihika, the local leader, who promotes a perception of a noble cause against oppression rather than a brutal terrorising campaign. In this regard, Neil Lazarus states that the nationalist movements which aim to liberate the colonized, the downtrodden are usually categorized as “the rubrics of atavism, anarchy, irrationality, and power-mongering” (69). This false portrayal of Mau Mau resistance aims at breaking the national solidarity against foreign domination. In this aspect, Lonsdale argues that: “ (Mau Mau) has lived in British memory as a symbol of African savagery, and modern Kenyans are divided by its images, militant nationalism or tribalist thuggery” (37). In other words, Mau Mau movement is depicted as a heroic revolution against colonial oppression and not an act of native African savagery as misrepresented in the colonial texts. Thus, By using history as a framework, Ngugi deliberately counters the myth fostered by colonialism that the Mau Mau

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