The World Health Organization (Who, 2016) Has Recognized

1510 WordsJan 15, 20177 Pages
The World Health Organization (WHO, 2016) has recognized childhood obesity as one of the most significant public health issues of the 21st century. In 2011-2014, the prevalence of obesity among children living in the United States aged 2-19 was 17% (Ogden, Carroll, Fryar, & Flegal, 2015). While this percentage has stabilized in the past 10 years, millions of children are affected by this disease and at risk for chronic comorbities (Shapiro, Arevalo, Tolentino, Machuca, & Applebaum, 2014). Unfortunately, this alarming statistic is no surprise to me, a primary care pediatric nurse practitioner. Treating these patients for the past 5 years has placed me at the frontline of this epidemic, and thus, has encouraged me to be a catalyst for…show more content…
The ethnic groups studied, in order from highest overweight prevalence to least, include Hispanics, American Indians, Asian/Pacific Islanders, African Americans, and Whites. These ethnic differences were further studied in Anderson and Whitaker’s 2009 study that found racial disparities evident in obese 4-year-old children in the United States. In their study, the highest prevalence was among American Indian/Native Alaskan children, followed by Hispanic and non-Hispanic black, and the lowest prevalence among non-Hispanic white and Asian children. While each study shows slight differences in highest to lowest prevalence of overweight among each race, both studies identify disproportionate high-risk populations. As cited in Kumanyika and Grier’s 2006 article, low-income children are at excess risk of obesity regardless of ethnicity; however, ethnic differences appear in the low-income population. In the most recent NCHS Data Brief (Ogden et al., 2015), the statistics continue to suggest these racial inequalities persist among 2-through 19-year-old obese youths. However, the data brief also implies there is no difference in obesity prevalence among male and female youths, except among non-Hispanic Asian youths, in which males had a greater prevalence than females (Ogden et al., 2015). This literature expresses

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