The World Health Organization (Who, 2016) Has Recognized

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The World Health Organization (WHO, 2016) has recognized childhood obesity as one of the most significant public health issues of the 21st century. In 2011-2014, the prevalence of obesity among children living in the United States aged 2-19 was 17% (Ogden, Carroll, Fryar, & Flegal, 2015). While this percentage has stabilized in the past 10 years, millions of children are affected by this disease and at risk for chronic comorbities (Shapiro, Arevalo, Tolentino, Machuca, & Applebaum, 2014). Unfortunately, this alarming statistic is no surprise to me, a primary care pediatric nurse practitioner. Treating these patients for the past 5 years has placed me at the frontline of this epidemic, and thus, has encouraged me to be a catalyst for …show more content…

The ethnic groups studied, in order from highest overweight prevalence to least, include Hispanics, American Indians, Asian/Pacific Islanders, African Americans, and Whites. These ethnic differences were further studied in Anderson and Whitaker’s 2009 study that found racial disparities evident in obese 4-year-old children in the United States. In their study, the highest prevalence was among American Indian/Native Alaskan children, followed by Hispanic and non-Hispanic black, and the lowest prevalence among non-Hispanic white and Asian children. While each study shows slight differences in highest to lowest prevalence of overweight among each race, both studies identify disproportionate high-risk populations. As cited in Kumanyika and Grier’s 2006 article, low-income children are at excess risk of obesity regardless of ethnicity; however, ethnic differences appear in the low-income population. In the most recent NCHS Data Brief (Ogden et al., 2015), the statistics continue to suggest these racial inequalities persist among 2-through 19-year-old obese youths. However, the data brief also implies there is no difference in obesity prevalence among male and female youths, except among non-Hispanic Asian youths, in which males had a greater prevalence than females (Ogden et al., 2015). This literature expresses

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