The World Of The Great Barrier Reef

873 Words Apr 29th, 2015 4 Pages
Australia is home to one of the most diverse and beautiful landscapes in the world. From uninhabitable arid deserts to snow-topped mountain ranges, lush tropical rainforests and gorgeous ocean beaches; it encompasses almost every type of environment possible. It is comparable in size to the United States and is home to nearly 20 million people (“Australia’s Geography and History”). Australia also includes some of the most unique species of animals and geographic phenomena found nowhere else in the world. The Great Barrier Reef is one of these magnificent natural wonders. Unfortunately, the fragile ecosystem of the reef is under extreme stress from environmental pressures such as pollution, coastal development, oil and gas exploration, tourist activities and climate change caused by carbon dioxide emissions. Man-made climate changes are the most destructive of these and place the future of the Great Barrier Reef in great danger. If carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced, and ocean pH levels continue to turn more acidic, this fragile ecosystem will become lost to future generations.
Climate change has been discussed since the end of the 19th century, but scientists did not begin to take notice until studies began linking smog and pollution to dangerous increases in carbon dioxide which together have a “greenhouse effect” on the climate of the earth. Measurement of ocean temperatures supported these studies and created more concern for man-made disruption of the…
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