Theories of Aging

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Running head: Theories of Aging

Theories of Aging
Nate Aungkuldee
Milwaukee School of Engineering –School of Nursing

Abstract Gerontological nursing may be viewed as the nursing management for older population. Knowledge of nursing care and competency of caring for elderly become more important as the result of increasing population of old age people in the past decade and expecting in ongoing increasing in the next twenty years. There are many theories of aging that describe and explain aging process and how the individuals respond to changes that occur with aging. By understanding a normal process of aging, the quality of nursing care for this population may be enhanced. The purpose of
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Sociological theory (activity and continuity theories) and Psychological theory (stages of personality development and selective optimization with compensation) are the psychosocial theories of aging focused in this paper. Free Radical theory and Wear and Tear theory are Biological theories focused in this paper. Activity Theory was officially established in 1963and suggests that remaining occupied and involved is a necessary component to satisfying late-life (Havighurst, Neugarten, & Tobin, 1963 as cited in Mauk, 2010). Activity is associated with psychological health in terms of the means to prolong middle age and delay the negative effects of old age (Mauk, 2010). The assumption of the theory is that inactivity has a negative impact on a person self-concept and perceived quality of life that will accelerate aging time (Mauk, 2010). Continuity Theory implies that personality influences an individual’s roles and satisfaction of living and that the personality is well developed by the time the individual reaches old age and most likely remains consistent throughout the life span (Mauk, 2010). Stages of Personality Development Theory mainly focuses on Erickson’s

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