Therapeutic Intervention From an Occupational Therapist in an Oncology Service

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Therapeutic Intervention From an Occupational Therapist in an Oncology Service

The therapeutic intervention a client should expect from an occupational therapist in an oncology service should be one that complies with government legislation, plans, standards and guidelines. The Governments plans for the National Health Service (NHS) are set out in several reports such as: - the Calman-Hine Cancer Report (1995), The New NHS - Modern and Dependable (1997) and The NHS Cancer Plan (2000), which provide information to service users regarding the quality of the services they should expect. Client's should also expect occupational therapists to adhere to the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct for
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Occupational therapists need to assess and consider the physical, functional, psychological and social needs of their clients and utilise their core skills together with the skills of the multidisciplinary team to maximise the independence and quality of life of the patient with cancer and their carers. The College of Occupational Therapists Position Statement (1994) provides a comprehensive list of the unique core skills that clients can expect from occupational therapists, which include the: -

- use of purposeful activity and meaningful occupation as therapeutic tools in the promotion of health

- ability to enable people to explore, achieve and maintain balance in the daily living tasks and roles of domestic care , leisure and productivity

- the ability to assess the effect of, and then to manipulate, physical

and psychosocial environments to maximise function and social

Integration

- ability to analyse, select and apply occupations as specific

therapeutic media to treat people who are experiencing dysfunction in

daily living tasks, interactions and occupational roles.

The treatment process and core skills of the occupational therapist should be based on a problem solving approach. This involves: - gathering and analysing information, assessing, defining and establishing the problem, prioritising, planning and

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