Title. Several Theories Have Arisen In Attempt To Explain

1236 WordsApr 14, 20175 Pages
Title Several theories have arisen in attempt to explain the development of gender roles. Sigmund Freud proposed one of the early theories of gender role development. Freud believed that gender role development was shaped early in childhood when children have intimate feelings for their parent of the other sex and resolve the conflict by identifying with the same-sex parent. While Freud may be correct that early childhood is a critical time period for gender role development, there is very little evidence for his theory. The biosocial theory, proposed by John Money and Anke Ehrhardt in the 1970s, focused on how biological events influence the development of gender roles. The theory also emphasizes the way in which early biological…show more content…
However, this progestin was converted into testosterone within the mother’s body, causing masculinization of female fetuses. Despite the fact these fetuses were genetically female (XX) with female internal organs, they were often born with male external reproductive organs. These females that are prenatally exposed to androgens are called androgenized females. Often, they were identified as genetically female, had surgery to remove external genitalia and were raised as girls. Many more androgenized females were recognized as tomboys, began dating later than others and had a greater focus on their careers than marriage. About 37% of androgenized females identified as homosexual or bisexual. Conclusively, prenatal exposure to these hormones has lasting effects on the brain organization, sexual behavior, aggression cognitive and spatial skills. While there is much evidence that these differences are due to strictly biological influences, these differences could partially also be a result of different treatment growing up. For instance, a parent of an androgenized female infant might stray away from gender stereotypes that typically influence young girls to participate in female gender-typed behavior. The biosocial theory also considers the social influence of how a child is labeled and treated on gender development. Some androgenized females were labeled as boys at birth and raised as such until their abnormalities were detected. If

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