Tobacco Use Is The Leading Cause Of Preventable Disease,

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Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. According to the 2014 Surgeon General’s Report, cigarette smoking and secondhand smoking exposure contribute to more than 480,000 premature deaths annually in the United States. Smoking use is associated with different types of cancer, cardiovascular disease, strokes, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders. Moreover, cigarette smoking can cause inflammation and impair the immune system (United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), 2017). Smoking during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, placental abruption, certain congenital …show more content…

Approximately one-third of individuals who have ever attempted smoking become daily smokers.8
Tobacco dependence is a chronic condition and the majority of users make multiple attempts at quitting before achieving successful smoking cessation.3 In 2011, 7 in 10 (68.9%) adult smokers wanted to stop smoking and 4 in 10 (42.7%) made a quit attempt during the past year.10 An estimated 6.2 percent of current adult smokers had recently quit, 48.3 percent had been advised by a health care professional to quit smoking, and 31.7 percent had used medications and/or counseling when they made their quit attempt.19 Those who attempt to quit without pharmacologic aid have a high relapse rate which can be as high as 95% within a year from the attempt.8 Early withdrawal symptoms, past experiences with nicotine, confidence in the ability to quit smoking, severity of tobacco dependence, educational status, and

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