Financial Statement Relationships Separately, the balance sheet reports a company’s financial position while the income statement reports a company’s fiscal year profits and losses. The balance sheet measures a company’s financial position by reporting its assets, liabilities, and
Mathematics is a logical and precise subject. Without precision in math everything is imprecise. A modest inaccuracy can produce a catastrophe. For example, if a doctor fails to calculate the correct amount of medicine to give a patient, it could result in a serious complication, such as death. A further example is the logic and precision it takes to construct a building. If there is one minor miscalculation the whole building could collapse, causing mass destruction.
To enhance a user’s ability to understand and compare an entity’s operating results, reporting entities are required to describe all significant accounting policies in their financial statements. As such to decide if an accounting principal is significant, is the management’s decision.
b) The auditor should pay close attention to the changes of company’s financial result and analyze those changes in time to see if they are reasonable. Most auditors should have detected this kind of material misstatement in company’s financial results, because this defalcation is caused by a personal factor.
Accounting Financial accounting Conceptual foundations Income statement and statement of retained earnings Balance sheet Statement of cash flows Managerial accounting Cost concepts Product costing systems Activities-based costing Cost, volume, and profit analysis Budgeting (except capital Data is considered invalid when a. 0 it is outdated. b. 0 it is inconsistent. c. 0 it is unreliable. d. 1 it does not measure the intended concept. 2. Data is considered reliable when a. 0 the test measures what we actually want to measure. b. 0 it is quantitative. c. 1 the measurement process is accurate and precise. d. 0 it is qualitative. 3. When the reported data is different from the actual data, there is a a. 0 reporting error. b. 0 sampling error. c. 1 response error. d. 0 computation error. 4. When measures of central tendency are not affected by extremely low or extremely high values?
h. If a material accounting error is discovered, accounting standards require companies to restate their historical financial statements (FASB ASC 250-10-45-23)
Accounting 732 Audit II 9/25/2012 Anne Aylor Inc. A. Why are different materiality bases considered when determining planning materiality? Different materiality bases are considered when determining planning materiality because the magnitude and nature of financial statement misstatements or omissions have different influences on different financial statement users. For example, investors are more interested in the accuracy of numbers involving net income because they are mainly concerned with the company’s ability to increase shareholder wealth. For an audit company, the primary concern when planning materiality is to take into account all expected financial statement users. These different expected users all have different
Practicing accuracy end honesty will help continue the capacity to never misuse the financial systems, and abide by the laws laid out by GAAP. Organizations are providing their employees with the necessary training that will equip them as well as sustain the reporting practices operational but at the time use the similar procedures and
Because of the complexities involved in financial accounting, errors do occur. Errors may result from a change in accounting principle, mathematical mistakes, changes in estimates not prepared in good faith, an oversight, a misuse of facts, or an incorrect classification. These errors can cause serious financial report misstatements. When errors are discovered, adjustments must be made to prior periods. These adjustments result in a change in the retained earnings balances for those periods. The company goes back to the earliest period affected by the error when calculating these adjustments (Kieso, Weygandt, & Warfield, 2007).
Date: 4-11-09Re: Case 3-5A.Discuss the concept of relevance. In your opinion, would the amounts reported by U.S. companies for property, plant, and equipment be more or less relevant than the current cost amounts reported by companies in England, Mexico, or elsewhere?RelevanceInformation is relevant when it influences the economic decisions of
Career Fair Mike Russell AIU Online Abstract Accurate accounting and the understanding can make or break your company or organization; not to mention possible jail time in the worse cases. The first way of ensuring accurate accounting is understanding the objectives. The second way is to understand the terminology of the accounting process and in the financial reporting aspects. The third way is to understand the ethics behind the accounting and reporting process. The forth way is to impement your role in the accounting process.
The management’s discussion and analysis: 1. Reports the variance in the main income statement and balance sheet accounts and the reasons thereof.
Retained Earnings…………………………………………$8,000,000 Inventory……………………………………………………………………. $8,000,000 When an error of overstatement like this one happens, the financial statements have to be restated in order(ed) to bring net income to the correct amount. The Cost of goods sold should’ve been increased by $8 million and the same
Segregation of Duties Introduction An important function of the accounting field is to provide external users of financial statements with assurance that the financial information being presented is both reliable and accurate. This basic function of accounting is so important that there is an entire field of experts, called auditors, dedicated to assuring its proper performance. Throughout history there have been many instances in which the basic equilibrium between an institution and current/potential investor has been threatened due to a lack of accountability and trust between the two parties. This issue has been the catalyst for many discussions regarding the proper procedures a firm should follow in order to provide
Introduction A company prepares financial statement to provide information about its financial position and performance. This information is in turn used by a wide range of stakeholders (such as investors, banks, customers, suppliers etc) in making economic decisions with respect to respective economic interest in the company. Typically, in terms of ownership by investment in shares of the company, shareholders though own the company but do not manage it. Therefore, the shareholder and other such stakeholders to get comfort in taking sound decision need independent assurance from the auditors that the financial statements reflect true and fair view of the company affairs in all material respects. Hence, in order to enhance the level of