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Treacher Collins Syndrome

Decent Essays
Literature Review This literature review is focused on the characteristics, prevention, assessment, and intervention of TCS. An assortment of different sources were utilized in the collection of information regarding these areas, including journal articles, texts, and websites. Though, texts and web information were both used in a limited capacity. The literature review specifically focuses on the effect the syndrome has on the speech and language of affected individuals. I. Characteristics Treacher Collins syndrome is also known as Franceschetti-Klein syndrome and mandibulofacial dysostosis. It was originally written about by George Andreas Berry in 1889 and next by Dr. Edward Treacher Collins in a 1990 case report. In each circumstance,…show more content…
Social competency can be defined as skills related to interaction with others (peers, family, authority figures, nonfamiliar speakers, etc.) both verbally and nonverbally. This may be due in part to the affect on facial expressions (Geirdal, Overland, Heimdal, Storhaug, Asten & Akre, 2013, p. 2880). This may also be due to the significant amount of time that children with TCS (individuals whose phenotypic symptoms are severe enough to be noticed as neonates, infants, and young children) spend in hospitals/away from peers in natural contexts. This lack of experience affects language, and language is associated with both theory of mind and social competency, as they are both in-turn also associated with language. Each entity is interconnected with one another. Language age is associated with social competency and children with hearing loss often have language delays. Furthermore, social competency is likely affected by the inability to maintain peer relationships due to ostracization from peers, ostracization that may be due to either hearing loss and/or physical differences. Not to mention, the speech-hearing and physical disabilities are likely to affect self-esteem, which will negatively influence participation and…show more content…
The cleft needs to be repaired (through surgical interventions like palatoplasty) because it’s extremely important for feeding and swallowing, as well as speech. Similar to sleep, without sufficient nutrition, an individual will not be able to fully develop. A lack of sufficient nutrition will affect an individual’s cognitive ability, as well as their physical health. This is why surgical intervention is such a critical component of the process and one of the steps that is completed earlier on in the process. In addition to cleft palates, velopharyngeal insufficiency is a common symptom for about forty percent of individuals with TCS, and is often related to a cleft palate. Velopharyngeal insufficiency can be related to issues with breathing and feeding. It is also related to articulation problems and hypernasality. The articulation issues are likely due to the lack of ability to build pressure and without pressure consonants are altered (Goorhuis-Brouwer & Priester, 2008,
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