Trends Issues and Policies in Philippine Education 1

5257 Words Aug 18th, 2015 22 Pages
Trends, Issues and Policies in
Philippine Education System

The Philippine Education System at a Glance

The Philippine education system can be described as a dynamic one. It has undergone several stages of development from the pre-Spanish era to the present.
Dating back at the pre-Magellanic period, the
Philippine education was informal, unstructured and without method. Learning was more experimental than theoretical.

During the Spanish era, education was done by missionaries for the elite and for religious instruction. The enactment of Education Decree of
1863 marked the beginning of primary education for boys and girls in each municipality and a normal school for male teachers. Primary instruction was free and Spanish instruction
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The 1987 Philippine Constitution explicitly provides in Art. XIV,
Sec. 1, stating that the “State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all”.
The Executive Order No. 117, S. 1987, identifies that DECS to become primary responsible in the formulation, planning, implementing and coordinating the policies, plans, programs, and projects in the areas of formal and non-formal education in all levels, be it elementary, secondary, tertiary, technical-vocational, non-formal, sports and culture; supervise all educational institutions, both public and private and provide for the establishment and maintenance of a complete, adequate and
integrated
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