When looking how effectively a country represents its citizens, it is important to take into account the manner in which they are represented. The two main types of representation are descriptive and agency representation. Descriptive representation is the concept that those who represent the American people should not only have the same political interest, but should also mirror the demographic makeup of the people. Agency representation, which is what the United States congress looks like, is when the representation does not reflect the demographic, but they speak for their constituents’ interests in congress. The constituents are able to hold the representatives accountable and can choose not to elect them in the next term, so the representatives
The less accountable allows the peers to speak their mind on issues and not be puppets of their party unlike the MPs in the House of Commons who have to be voting with their party or otherwise they will get sacked/kicked out or never be promoted.
By decision making by representatives of the people, rather than direct decision making by the people themselves. These elite representatives would be expected to use their prudence and wisdom to make decisions based on what was in the best interests of the masses. (pg. 7)
The role of government The government’s role for the people is to challenge them like how contestants from “The Amazing Race” or “Fear Factor” are challenged. Government should be like a reality competition show filled with adventure and danger (Amazing Race, 2003) (Fear Factor, 2005). Just like the government in “The
Congressional Representation Members of Congress are voted to office by their electorate as their representatives at the congress level of democracy. In their capacity, they may decide to exercise their powers by the will of the people or according to their personal judgment. When the members of Congress opt to be the people’s delegate, their actions in the House and other congressional engagements are a reflection of the will of their district. As such, the delegate representative does not have or exercise the autonomy to represent and decide for their district. Instead, a strenuous consultation process is required to keep the people in control of all relevant decisions.
33. For mundane matters about which their constituents are less likely to be aware or hold a strong position, legislators typically rely on the trustee model of representation.
As advocates of the United States of America, congressmen/women choose between two styles of representation: the trustee model (reflects closer to the Senate), or the delegate model (reflects closer to the House of Representatives). The election of these models will depend on the agents’ list of priorities and placement of interests. The first mentioned model consists on a very trustful body of citizens in which full liberty and faith is set on the elected trustee representatives for them to work on the people’s behalf and take deeply into consideration
The compromises between the large and small states and between the North and South. The compromise between the large and small states was decided in order to resolve difficult problems of representation. An idea was conceived by the grand committee (1 delegate for each state) headed by Franklin as chairman that
Professor Uhlaner Political Science 137BW November 17, 2016 Paper 4 In her book, Pitkin views representation in four partial views in order to get a better understanding of the overall term. “Acting for” differs from the other views in that it is focused on the substance of representing. Pitkin also brings up the “Mandate-Independence Controversy” which describes the conflict of how representatives should act. The mandate view of representation is where the representative’s choices reflect the views of the represented; he is bound by the instructions from them. Independence view gives the representative more freedom as long as it’s still what is best for the constituents. Both these views offer ways of viewing how a representative should behave. This principle is demonstrated in a sorority executive council. There are different council positions that demonstrate different strategies used to represent the sorority. There is no clear answer to how much freedom a representative should have when acting for the represented. However, the mandate-independence view and Pitkin’s analogies offers a way of viewing this question. Pitkin’s five analogies for explaining substantive representation will be discussed to further explain this concept: actor, trustee, substitute, ambassador, and specialist. Each analogy has its strengths in defining representation and its shortcomings.
Democracy In a democracy the citizens have the right to choose who represents them in government by having elections. This is what the government use to let the citizens make a decision on the individual or group that are going to represent them in Parliament, the citizens make their vote by choosing from a variety of potential candidates and they will vote for the candidate that they believe will
al, 2016, p.597). A trustee is someone who makes decisions depending on what he or she believes is best. A trustee has to go through more significant limitations. Trustees are given power to act directly while having the interests of their constituency in mind when they are elected. Trustees are given a responsibility to act as the voice of their district, or state. However, a trustee is not completely restricted to do only what his or her constituency
The U.S. Congress is one of our country's most important representative branches. It's purpose mainly consists of confirming and authorizing the national leadership's decisions. In Congress, there are 535 members, all of which have been chosen by the people. The people vote and decide who they want to represent them. One question that is asked abundantly is "Should a member of Congress put the interests of his or her constituents ahead of the nations?" The way a Congressman expresses an answer to this question can classify them as a delegate or a trustee.
1. Independent and Objective Governing Body: people that are educated in research and ethics who can oversee industry trends and issues and
B) Ensure that the Board can make decisions in an objective manner without undue influence by persons with a private interest.
Since the initiation of the Third Wave of Democracy, several countries have attempted to form a democratic system of governs. We take note that not all have succeeded. At the dawn of this era, democracy was being applied to countries with no prior history of a governing body that was place by the people for the people hence success of such a system could not be guaranteed because of the innumerous variables that existed in each country. People being the highlighted factor of variance, it may become easier to understand how countries such as Pakistan and Nigeria, both countries prior to the Wave had no local governing machinery. Pakistan further endured a partition from India which resulted in not only an instant religious and