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Type 2 Diabetes Type 1 Research Paper

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Diabetes Diabetes is a disease that is caused by high glucose levels due to a lack of insulin production. It commonly presents itself in two forms; Type 1 and Type 2. Although these both fall under the category of diabetes, they are displayed in various ways. Type 1 can appear in an individual at virtually any age. Typically, in Type 1 the patient suffers from an autoimmune disease that reduces the production of beta cells in the pancreas. The beta cells are responsible for the secretion of insulin therefore there is an insulin deficiency. The lack of insulin contributes to the instability of blood glucose levels. Common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and weight loss due to the cell’s inability to absorb…show more content…
According to the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study in 2009, there was a 21% increase in youth diagnosed with diabetes over the 8-year period between 2001 and 2009(Burns et al. 608). Numerous factors contribute to these rise in numbers. These factors range from an individual’s genetics to their environment. About 80% of individuals diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes have first- degree relatives with Type 2 diabetes as well. Individuals with genetic disorders such as down syndrome, Turner syndrome, and various other are more prone to be diagnosed with diabetes as well (Burns et al. 609). Although obesity can be genetic, it can also be caused by lifestyle choices and environmental factors. As previously discussed, high carb diets that contribute to obesity increase an individual’s chances of developing diabetes. Other environmental factors that can lead to diabetes is stress. When stressed, hormones are released that can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels. Specific cells are signaled to absorb the glucose for energy, while others reject it in order for there to be a sufficient supply for the functioning cells, such as the muscle cells. Consistent stress allows the cells that do not absorb the glucose to build up an insulin resistance that can lead to
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