Under the Afghan Sky by Melissa Fung and A House in the Sky by Amanda Lindhout

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Surviving The memoirs, Under the Afghan Sky by Melissa Fung and A House in the Sky by Amanda Lindhout, highlight the importance of maintaining not only one’s physical well-being, but also one’s psychological well-being to overcome life-threatening experiences. In order for the respective female protagonists—Melissa and Amanda— to survive as hostages, they must persevere through two mental obstacles: the fears of isolation and death. Firstly, in Under the Afghan Sky, Melissa Fung faces isolation from the outside world and from the people whom she loves such as her family and friends. She is trapped inside a six feet long, three feet wide, and five feet high hole, accompanied with alternating male Afghani kidnappers (30). Melissa initially struggles to overcome being isolated inside the confined hole. She is unable to control her loneliness and has “a million thoughts [running] through [her] mind” (36) while being overwhelmed with sadness, guilt, and concern. When Zahir, the young Afghan kidnaper, informs her that she should expect to stay at least two weeks secluded inside the tiny hole, “[she] could feel [herself] becoming hysterical” (44). However, she quickly finds ways to cope through from being isolated with the outside world by actively communicating with the people around her—the Afghani kidnappers. During her stay inside the hole, Melissa converses with Khalid and Zahir, both in their late teens, and Abdulrahman, Khalid’s uncle (32). Melissa asks her abductors

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