Unhealthy Habits Can Lead up to Diabetes

582 WordsFeb 21, 20182 Pages
According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes increases the risk of heart attack, kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage and amputations (17). Mott Haven’s social characteristics such as high rates of poverty and low educational achievement among residents are strong predictors of disease, particularly obesity and diabetes. In addition, Mott Haven possesses all of the characteristics of a food desert; there are so many food options available, however none of those options are healthy (16). This inaccessibility to quality fruits and vegetables reduces food balance in the neighborhood severely impairing resident’s ability to eat healthfully (16). Our observation further supports the literature on food deserts as we did not observe any health food restaurants or fresh produce at bodegas and supermarkets. Obesity rates are often higher among people of color, with lower incomes, less education, and language barriers (6) (7). Evidence suggests that low-income, black and Hispanic neighborhoods often lack access to supermarkets that offer good quality, inexpensive foods (when compared to middle class, white neighborhoods) (12)(13). Bodegas that sell unhealthy foods are also more likely to establish themselves in low-income neighborhoods and near schools with a large percentage of Black and Latino students, which was consistent with our observation (14) (15). A study by Jago et al., found a strong association between fruit and vegetable availability in the home, and
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